Free Access
Issue
A&A
Volume 551, March 2013
Article Number A98
Number of page(s) 35
Section Interstellar and circumstellar matter
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201220477
Published online 01 March 2013

Online material

Appendix A: Dust temperature and column density maps

These figures are described and discussed in Sect. 5.2.

thumbnail Fig. A.1

CB 4 (starless core): visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 1.2 mm continuum contours overlaid (20 and 40 mJy/30′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.2

CB 6 (Class I YSO): visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 850 μm continuum contours overlaid (180 and 300 mJy/20′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.3

CB 17 (starless core and embedded Class I YSO): visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 1.2 mm continuum contours overlaid (20, 40, and 65 mJy/20′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.4

CB 26 (starless core and embedded Class I YSO): visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 1.2 mm continuum contours overlaid (10, 26, and 150 mJy/30′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.5

CB 27 (starless core): visual (red) DSS1 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 1.2 mm continuum contours overlaid (40 and 70 mJy/30′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.6

BHR 12 (Class 0/I protostars): visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 850 μm continuum contours overlaid (SCUBA; 120, 300, and 900 mJy/15′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.7

CB 68 (Class 0 protostar): visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 850 μm continuum contours overlaid (150, 300, and 600 mJy/20′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.8

B 68 (starless core): visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 870 μm continuum contours overlaid (40, 120, and 220 mJy/27′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.9

CB 130 (Class 0 protostar): visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 1.2 mm continuum contours overlaid (20, 60, and 100 mJy/20′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.10

B 335 (Class 0 protostar): visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 850 μm continuum contours overlaid (100, 300, and 900 mJy/20′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.11

CB 230 (Class I YSO): visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 850 μm continuum contours overlaid (70, 200, and 700 mJy/20′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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thumbnail Fig. A.12

CB 244 (Class 0 protostar and starless core): Visual (red) DSS2 image and Herschel FIR maps (color; log scale) at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 μm, with 1.2 mm continuum contours overlaid (30, 80, and 180 mJy/20′′ beam). Herschel beam sizes are indicated as gray circles in the lower right corners.

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Appendix B: Dust emission maps

These dust emission maps are described in Sect. 5.1.

thumbnail Fig. B.1

Dust temperature map of CB 4 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 cm-2, black: 0.2, 0.5, 2, and 4 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)). The yellow square marks the column density peak and the reference position listed in Table 5.

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thumbnail Fig. B.2

Dust temperature map of CB 6 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 cm-2, black: 2, 4, and 6 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)). The dotted yellow ellipse marks the N1′ approximation described in Sect. 5.3. The asterisk marks the position of the embedded YSO.

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thumbnail Fig. B.3

Dust temperature map of CB 17 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 – masked by the yellow Nout contour – and 1022 cm-2, black: 2, 4, 6, 8, and 20 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)). The yellow square marks the column density peak and position of CB 17-SMM. The asterisk marks the position of CB 17-IRS (Table 5; see also Launhardt et al. 2010).

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thumbnail Fig. B.4

Dust temperature map of CB 26 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 and 1022 cm-2, black: 0.5, 2, 4, 6, and 8 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10), referring to the starless core SMM2). Dotted yellow ellipses mark the N1′ approximations for the two subcores described in Sect. 5.3. The yellow square marks the column density peak and position of CB 26-SMM2; the asterisk marks the position of CB 26-SMM1 (Table 5).

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thumbnail Fig. B.5

Dust temperature map of CB 27 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 and 1022 cm-2, black: 2, 4, 6, and 8 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)). The yellow square marks the column density peak and the reference position listed in Table 5.

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thumbnail Fig. B.6

Dust temperature map of BHR 12 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 – masked by yellow Nout contour – and 1022 cm-2, black: 0.5, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 20 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)). The dotted yellow ellipse marks the N1′ approximation described in Sect. 5.3. The two asterisks mark the positions of embedded sources SMM1 and SMM2 (see Launhardt et al. 2010).

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thumbnail Fig. B.7

Dust temperature map of CB 68 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 and 1022 cm-2, black: 0.5 – masked by yellow Nout contour – 2, 4, 6, 8, and 20 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)). The dotted yellow ellipse marks the N1′ approximation described in Sect. 5.3. The asterisk marks the position of the protostar and the reference position listed in Table 5.

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thumbnail Fig. B.8

Dust temperature map of B 68 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 and 1022 cm-2, black: 0.5, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 20 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)). The yellow square marks the column density peak and the reference position listed in Table 5.

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thumbnail Fig. B.9

Dust temperature map of CB 130 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 and 1022 cm-2, black: 0.5, 2 – masked by yellow Nout contour – 4, 6, 8, and 20 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)). The yellow circle marks the position of the protostellar core CB 130-SMM1 with the embedded Class 0 VeLLO. The yellow square marks the position of the secondary starless core CB 130-SMM2. The asterisk marks the position of the Class I-II YSO CB 130-IRS, which most likely associated with CB 130, but not embedded in its dense core (see Launhardt et al. 2010).

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thumbnail Fig. B.10

Dust temperature map of B 335 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 and 1022 cm-2, black: 0.5, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 20 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)). The asterisk marks the position of the protostar and the reference position listed in Table 5.

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thumbnail Fig. B.11

Dust temperature map of CB 230 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 and 1022 cm-2, black: 2, 4, 6, 8, and 20 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)). The two asterisks mark the positions of the embedded YSOs (see Launhardt et al. 2010).

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thumbnail Fig. B.12

Dust temperature map of CB 244 (color scale), overlaid with contours of the hydrogen column density (white: 1021 and 1022 cm-2, black: 0.5, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 20 × 1021 cm-2). Yellow contours mark Nout (Eq. (3)) and N1′ (Eq. (10)) for the starless core CB 244-SMM2. The dotted yellow ellipse marks the N1′ approximation for CB244-SMM1 described in Sect. 5.3. The yellow square marks the column density peak of CB 244-SMM2 and the reference position listed in Table 5. The asterisk marks the position of of the protostar CB244-SMM1.

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Appendix C: Images on large-scale morphology

These optical images on the larger-scale morphology of the globules are discussed in Sect. 5.8.

thumbnail Fig. C.1

CB 4: visual (red) DSS2 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of CB 4.

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thumbnail Fig. C.2

CB 6: visual (red) DSS2 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of CB 6.

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thumbnail Fig. C.3

CB 17: visual (red) DSS2 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of CB 17.

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thumbnail Fig. C.4

CB 26: visual (red) DSS2 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of CB 26.

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thumbnail Fig. C.5

CB 27: visual (red) DSS1 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of CB 27.

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thumbnail Fig. C.6

BHR 12: visual (red) DSS2 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The tail side is warmer than the head side, but there is nor clear warm rim side.

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thumbnail Fig. C.7

CB 68: visual (red) DSS2 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of CB 68.

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thumbnail Fig. C.8

B 68: visual (red) DSS1 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of B 68. The B2 IV star Θ Oph is located at a distance from the Sun of 134 pc, i.e., its physical distance from B 68 is only ≈2.8 pc.

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thumbnail Fig. C.9

CB 130: visual (red) DSS2 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of CB 130.

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thumbnail Fig. C.10

B 335: visual (red) DSS2 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of B 335.

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thumbnail Fig. C.11

CB 230: visual (red) DSS2 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of CB 230.

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thumbnail Fig. C.12

CB 244: visual (red) DSS2 image with SPIRE 500 μm continuum contours overlaid. The red arc marks the warm rim of CB 244.

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© ESO, 2013

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