Copyright and permission

Before your article can be published in Astronomy & Astrophysics (A&A), we require you to grant and assign the entire copyright in it to ESO. The copyright consists of all rights protected by the worldwide copyright laws, in all languages and forms of communication, including the right to furnish the article or the abstracts to abstracting and indexing services, and the right to republish the entire article in any format or medium. In return, ESO grants to you the non-exclusive right of re-publication, subject only to your giving appropriate credit to A&A. This non-exclusive right of re-publication permits you to post the published PDF version of your article on your personal and/or institutional web sites, including ArXiV. The non-exclusive right of re-publication also includes your right to allow reproduction of parts of your article wherever you wish, provided you request the permission to do so from the A&A Editor in Chief (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ) and credit A&A. To protect the copyright in your article, the following copyright notice should be included in the credit: “Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO”.

At the proof stage, we will require you to read, sign, and return the Copyright Agreement. You will receive it from our production office (EDP Sciences). We cannot publish your article without this approval. The agreement should be signed by the corresponding author (who agrees to inform the co-authors, if any). If the corresponding author is a US Government officer or employee and prepared the article as part of their official duties, they do not own any copyright in it. If at least one of their co-authors is not a US Government employee, one of those non-government authors should sign the Copyright Agreement.

Permission to reprint

Requests for permission to reprint figures or tables which have already been published in Astronomy & Astrophysics and Astronomy & Astrophysics Supplement Series should be addressed to the copyright holders, not to the publishers. The address is:

Professor T. Forveille
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Editorial Office
Observatoire de Paris
61 avenue de l'Observatoire
75014 Paris, France
(e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. )