Volume 642, October 2020
|Number of page(s)||23|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||15 October 2020|
Testing gravity using galaxy-galaxy lensing and clustering amplitudes in KiDS-1000, BOSS, and 2dFLenS
Centre for Astrophysics & Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia
2 Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, Stanford University, PO Box 2450, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
3 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
4 Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland
5 Ruhr-University Bochum, Astronomical Institute, German Centre for Cosmological Lensing, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
6 Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
7 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
8 Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK
9 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
10 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
11 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2611, Australia
12 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdae-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34055, Republic of Korea
13 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), Nandan Road 80, Shanghai 200030, PR China
14 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, PR China
Accepted: 11 August 2020
The physics of gravity on cosmological scales affects both the rate of assembly of large-scale structure and the gravitational lensing of background light through this cosmic web. By comparing the amplitude of these different observational signatures, we can construct tests that can distinguish general relativity from its potential modifications. We used the latest weak gravitational lensing dataset from the Kilo-Degree Survey, KiDS-1000, in conjunction with overlapping galaxy spectroscopic redshift surveys, BOSS and 2dFLenS, to perform the most precise existing amplitude-ratio test. We measured the associated EG statistic with 15 − 20% errors in five Δz = 0.1 tomographic redshift bins in the range 0.2 < z < 0.7 on projected scales up to 100 h−1 Mpc. The scale-independence and redshift-dependence of these measurements are consistent with the theoretical expectation of general relativity in a Universe with matter density Ωm = 0.27 ± 0.04. We demonstrate that our results are robust against different analysis choices, including schemes for correcting the effects of source photometric redshift errors, and we compare the performance of angular and projected galaxy-galaxy lensing statistics.
Key words: dark energy / large-scale structure of Universe / gravitational lensing: weak / surveys
© ESO 2020
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