Volume 647, March 2021
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||01 April 2021|
Halo shapes constrained from a pure sample of central galaxies in KiDS-1000
Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands
2 Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland
3 Ruhr University Bochum, Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, Astronomical Institute (AIRUB), German Centre for Cosmological Lensing, 44780 Bochum, Germany
4 Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
5 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
6 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
7 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
8 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), Nandan Road 80, Shanghai 200030, PR China
9 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, PR China
Accepted: 27 January 2021
We present measurements of fh, the ratio of the aligned components of the projected halo and galaxy ellipticities, for a sample of central galaxies using weak gravitational lensing data from the Kilo-Degree Survey (KiDS). Using a lens galaxy shape estimation that is more sensitive to outer galaxy regions, we find fh = 0.50 ± 0.20 for our full sample and fh = 0.55 ± 0.19 for an intrinsically red sub-sample (that therefore has a higher stellar mass), rejecting the hypothesis that round halos and/or galaxies are not aligned with their parent halo at 2.5σ and 2.9σ, respectively. We quantify the 93.4% purity of our central galaxy sample using numerical simulations and overlapping spectroscopy from the Galaxy and Mass Assembly survey. This purity ensures that the interpretation of our measurements is not complicated by the presence of a significant fraction of satellite galaxies. Restricting our central galaxy ellipticity measurement to the inner isophotes, we find fh = 0.34 ± 0.17 for our red sub-sample, suggesting that the outer galaxy regions are more aligned with their dark matter halos than the inner regions. Our results are in agreement with previous studies and suggest that lower mass halos are rounder and/or less aligned with their host galaxy than samples of more massive galaxies, studied in galaxy groups and clusters.
Key words: gravitational lensing: weak / galaxies: general
© ESO 2021
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