Volume 653, September 2021
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||13 September 2021|
Bright galaxy sample in the Kilo-Degree Survey Data Release 4
Selection, photometric redshifts, and physical properties⋆
Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland
2 Ruhr University Bochum, Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, Astronomical Institute (AIRUB), German Centre for Cosmological Lensing, 44780 Bochum, Germany
3 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
4 Institute for Theoretical Physics, Utrecht University, Princetonplein 5, 3584 CC Utrecht, The Netherlands
5 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Louisville, 102 Natural Science Building, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
7 Australian Astronomical Optics, Macquarie University, 105 Delhi Rd, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
8 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
9 National Centre for Nuclear Research, Astrophysics Division, ul. Pasteura 7, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland
10 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), Nandan Road 80, Shanghai 200030, PR China
11 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, PR China
12 Kapteyn Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Accepted: 24 May 2021
We present a bright galaxy sample with accurate and precise photometric redshifts (photo-zs), selected using ugriZYJHKs photometry from the Kilo-Degree Survey (KiDS) Data Release 4. The highly pure and complete dataset is flux-limited at r < 20 mag, covers ∼1000 deg2, and contains about 1 million galaxies after artifact masking. We exploit the overlap with Galaxy And Mass Assembly spectroscopy as calibration to determine photo-zs with the supervised machine learning neural network algorithm implemented in the ANNz2 software. The photo-zs have a mean error of |⟨δz⟩|∼5 × 10−4 and low scatter (scaled mean absolute deviation of ∼0.018(1 + z)); they are both practically independent of the r-band magnitude and photo-z at 0.05 < zphot < 0.5. Combined with the 9-band photometry, these allow us to estimate robust absolute magnitudes and stellar masses for the full sample. As a demonstration of the usefulness of these data, we split the dataset into red and blue galaxies, used them as lenses, and measured the weak gravitational lensing signal around them for five stellar mass bins. We fit a halo model to these high-precision measurements to constrain the stellar-mass–halo-mass relations for blue and red galaxies. We find that for high stellar mass (M⋆ > 5 × 1011 M⊙), the red galaxies occupy dark matter halos that are much more massive than those occupied by blue galaxies with the same stellar mass.
Key words: galaxies: distances and redshifts / catalogs / large-scale structure of Universe / gravitational lensing: weak / methods: data analysis
Data available from http://kids.strw.leidenuniv.nl/DR4/brightsample.php
© ESO 2021
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