Volume 632, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||06 December 2019|
Chandra COSMOS Legacy Survey: Clustering dependence of Type 2 active galactic nuclei on host galaxy properties
Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa, Italy
2 Department of Physics and Helsinki Institute of Physics, University of Helsinki, Gustaf Hällströmin katu 2a, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
3 INAF – Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti, 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy
4 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
5 Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), 650 North A’ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield SO17 1BJ, UK
7 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00040 Monteporzio Catone, Italy
8 Instituto de Astronomía sede Ensenada, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, KM 103, Carret. Tijuana-Ensenada, Ensenada 22860, Mexico
9 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Kinard Lab of Physics, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
10 Physics Department, University of Miami, Knight Physics Building, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
11 Max Planck-Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, PO Box 1312, Giessenbachstr. 1., 85741 Garching, Germany
Accepted: 14 October 2019
Aims. We perform clustering measurements of 800 X-ray selected Chandra COSMOS Legacy (CCL) Type 2 active galactic nuclei (AGN) with known spectroscopic redshift to probe the halo mass dependence on AGN host galaxy properties, such as galaxy stellar mass Mstar, star formation rate (SFR), and specific black hole accretion rate (BHAR; λBHAR) in the redshift range z = [0−3].
Methods. We split the sample of AGN with known spectroscopic redshits according to Mstar, SFR and λBHAR, while matching the distributions in terms of the other parameters, including redshift. We measured the projected two-point correlation function wp(rp) and modeled the clustering signal, for the different subsamples, with the two-halo term to derive the large-scale bias b and corresponding typical mass of the hosting halo.
Results. We find no significant dependence of the large-scale bias and typical halo mass on galaxy stellar mass and specific BHAR for CCL Type 2 AGN at mean z ∼ 1, while a negative dependence on SFR is observed, i.e. lower SFR AGN reside in richer environment. Mock catalogs of AGN, matched to have the same X-ray luminosity, stellar mass, λBHAR, and SFR of CCL Type 2 AGN, almost reproduce the observed Mstar − Mh, λBHAR − Mh and SFR–Mh relations, when assuming a fraction of satellite AGN fAGNsat ∼ 0.15. This corresponds to a ratio of the probabilities of satellite to central AGN of being active Q ∼ 2. Mock matched normal galaxies follow a slightly steeper Mstar − Mh relation, in which low mass mock galaxies reside in less massive halos than mock AGN of similar mass. Moreover, matched mock normal galaxies are less biased than mock AGN with similar specific BHAR and SFR, at least for Q > 1.
Key words: galaxies: active / large-scale structure of Universe / quasars: general / dark matter
© ESO 2019
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