Volume 655, November 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||The Sun and the Heliosphere|
|Published online||28 October 2021|
Modeling the scattering polarization of the solar Ca I 4227 Å line with angle-dependent partial frequency redistribution
Istituto Ricerche Solari (IRSOL), Università della Svizzera italiana (USI), 6605 Locarno-Monti, Switzerland
2 Euler Institute, Università della Svizzera italiana (USI), 6900 Lugano, Switzerland
3 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
4 Leibniz-Institut für Sonnenphysik (KIS), 79104 Freiburg i. Br., Germany
5 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
6 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain
Accepted: 26 August 2021
Context. The correct modeling of the scattering polarization signals observed in several strong resonance lines requires taking partial frequency redistribution (PRD) phenomena into account. Modeling scattering polarization with PRD effects is very computationally demanding and the simplifying angle-averaged (AA) approximation is therefore commonly applied.
Aims. This work aims to assess the impact and the range of validity of the AA approximation with respect to the general angle-dependent (AD) treatment of PRD effects in the modeling of scattering polarization in strong resonance lines, with a focus on the solar Ca I 4227 Å line.
Methods. Spectral line polarization was modeled by solving the radiative transfer problem for polarized radiation, under nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium conditions, taking PRD effects into account in static one-dimensional semi-empirical atmospheric models presenting arbitrary magnetic fields. The problem was solved through a two-step approach. In step 1, the problem was solved for the intensity only, considering a multilevel atom. In step 2, the problem was solved including polarization, considering a two-level atom with an unpolarized and infinitely sharp lower level, and fixing the lower level population calculated at step 1.
Results. The results for the Ca I 4227 Å line show a good agreement between the AA and AD calculations for the Q/I and U/I wings’ signals. However, AA calculations reveal an artificial trough in the line-core peak of the linear polarization profiles, whereas AD calculations show a sharper peak in agreement with the observations.
Conclusions. An AD treatment of PRD effects is essential to correctly model the line-core peak of the scattering polarization signal of the Ca I 4227 Å line. By contrast, in the considered static case, the AA approximation seems to be suitable to model the wing scattering polarization lobes and their magnetic sensitivity through magneto-optical effects.
Key words: radiative transfer / scattering / polarization / Sun: atmosphere / methods: numerical
© ESO 2021
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.