Volume 649, May 2021
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||26 May 2021|
The surface brightness–colour relations based on eclipsing binary stars and calibrated with Gaia EDR3⋆
Centrum Astronomiczne im. Mikołaja Kopernika, Polish Academy of Sciences, Rabiańska 8, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
2 Centrum Astronomiczne im. Mikołaja Kopernika, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland
3 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
4 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
5 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching b. München, Germany
6 Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Nice, France
7 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
8 Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
9 Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, Bijenićka cesta 32, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
10 Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
11 Institute of Physics, Laboratory of Astrophysics, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Observatoire de Sauverny, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
12 Unidad Mixta International Franco-Chilena de Astronomía (CNRS UMI 3386), Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Camino El Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
13 LunAres Research Station, Airport, Hangar 11, Piła, Poland
Accepted: 2 March 2021
Aims. The surface brightness–colour relation (SBCR) is a basic tool for establishing precise and accurate distances within the Local Group. Detached eclipsing binary stars with accurately determined radii and trigonometric parallaxes allow calibration of the SBCRs with unprecedented accuracy.
Methods. We analysed four nearby eclipsing binary stars containing late F-type main sequence components: AL Ari, AL Dor, FM Leo, and BN Scl. We determined very precise spectroscopic orbits and combined them with high-precision ground- and space-based photometry. We derived the astrophysical parameters of their components with mean errors of 0.1% for mass and 0.4% for radius. We combined those four systems with another 24 nearby eclipsing binaries with accurately known radii from the literature for which Gaia EDR3 parallaxes are available in order to derive the SBCRs.
Results. The resulting SBCRs cover stellar spectral types from B9 V to G7 V. For calibrations, we used Johnson optical B and V, Gaia GBP and G, and 2MASS JHK bands. The most precise relations are calibrated using the infrared K band and allow angular diameters of A-, F-, and G-type dwarf and subgiant stars to be predicted with a precision of 1%.
Key words: parallaxes / binaries: eclipsing / stars: distances
Full Tables 2 and 3 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/649/A109
© ESO 2021
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