Volume 643, November 2020
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||13 November 2020|
Light-time effect detected in fourteen eclipsing binaries⋆
Astronomical Institute, Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic
2 Private Observatory, Pohoří 71, 254 01 Jílové u Prahy, Czech Republic
3 Private Observatory, Výpustky 5, 614 00 Brno, Czech Republic
4 BSObservatory, Modrá 587, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
5 Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Na Slovance 1999/2, 182 21 Praha 8, Czech Republic
Accepted: 14 September 2020
The available minima timings of 14 selected eclipsing binaries (V1297 Cas, HD 24105, KU Aur, GU CMa, GH Mon, AZ Vel, DI Lyn, DK Her, GQ Dra, V624 Her, V1134 Her, KIC 6187893, V1928 Aql, V2486 Cyg) were collected and analyzed. Using the automatic telescopes, surveys, and satellite data, we derived more than 2500 times of eclipses, accompanied with our own ground-based observations. These data were used to detect the period variations in these multiple systems. The eclipse timing variations were described using the third-body hypothesis and the light-time effect. Their respective periods were derived as 2.5, 16.2, 27, 20, 64, 5.6, 22, 115, 27, 42, 6.9, 11.2, 4.1, and 8.4 years for these systems, respectively. The predicted minimal mass of the third body was calculated for each of the systems, and we discuss here their prospective detectability. The light curves of HD 24105, GH Mon, DK Her, V1134 Her, KIC 6187893, V1928 Aql, and V2486 Cyg were analyzed using the PHOEBE program, resulting in physical parameters of the components. Significant fractions of the third light were detected during the light-curve analysis, supporting our hypothesis of the triple-star nature of all these systems. The majority of these systems (nine out of 14) were already known as visual doubles. Our study shifts them to possible quadruples, what makes them even more interesting.
Key words: binaries: eclipsing / stars: fundamental parameters
Photometric data are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/643/A130
© ESO 2020
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