Volume 609, January 2018
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||25 January 2018|
Global enhancement and structure formation of the magnetic field in spiral galaxies
1 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
2 Institute of Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyatnitskaya st. 48, Moscow 119017, Russia
3 Volgograd State University, Universitetsky pr., 100, Volgograd 400062, Russia
Received: 1 November 2016
Accepted: 10 October 2017
In this paper we study numerically large-scale magnetic field evolution and its enhancement in gaseous disks of spiral galaxies. We consider a set of models with the various spiral pattern parameters and the initial magnetic field strength with taking into account gas self-gravity and cooling and heating processes. In agreement with previous studies we find out that galactic magnetic field is mostly aligned with gaseous structures, however small-scale gaseous structures (spurs and clumps) are more chaotic than the magnetic field structure. In spiral arms magnetic field often coexists with the gas distribution, in the inter-arm region we see filamentary magnetic field structure. These filaments connect several isolated gaseous clumps. Simulations reveal the presence of the small-scale irregularities of the magnetic field as well as the reversal of magnetic field at the outer edge of the large-scale spurs. We provide evidences that the magnetic field in the spiral arms has a stronger mean-field component, and there is a clear inverse correlation between gas density and plasma-beta parameter, compared to the rest of the disk with a more turbulent component of the field and an absence of correlation between gas density and plasma-beta. We show the mean field growth up to 3−10 μG in the cold gas during several rotation periods (500−800 Myr), whereas ratio between azimuthal and radial field is equal to 4/1. We find an enhancement of random and ordered components of the magnetic field. Mean field strength increases by a factor of 1.5−2.5 for models with various spiral pattern parameters. Random magnetic field component can reach up to 25% from the total strength. By making an analysis of the time-dependent evolution of the radial Poynting flux, we point out that the magnetic field strength is enhanced more strongly at the galactic outskirts which is due to the radial transfer of magnetic energy by the spiral arms pushing the magnetic field outward. Our results also support the presence of sufficient conditions for the development of magnetorotational instability at distances >11 kpc after 300 Myr of evolution.
Key words: galaxies: spiral / galaxies: magnetic fields / galaxies: ISM
© ESO, 2018
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