Volume 595, November 2016
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||15 November 2016|
Where does the gas fueling star formation in brightest cluster galaxies originate?
1 INAF–IASF Milano, via E. Bassini 15, 20133 Milano, Italy
2 INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Firenze, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
3 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
4 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate, Italy
5 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California at Irvine, 4129 Frederick Reines Hall, Irvine, CA 92697-4575, USA
6 Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milan, Italy
Received: 18 February 2016
Accepted: 21 June 2016
Aims. We investigate the relationship between X-ray cooling and star formation in brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs).
Methods. We present an X-ray spectral analysis of the inner regions, 10−40 kpc, of six nearby cool core clusters (z < 0.35) observed with Chandra ACIS. This sample is selected on the basis of the high star formation rate (SFR) observed in the BCGs. We restrict our search for cooling gas to regions that are roughly cospatial with the starburst. We fit single- and multi-temperature mkcflow models to constrain the amount of isobarically cooling intracluster medium.
Results. We find that in all clusters, below a threshold temperature ranging between 0.9 and 3 keV, only upper limits can be obtained. In four out of six objects, the upper limits are significantly below the SFR and in two, namely A1835 and A1068, they are less than a tenth of the SFR.
Conclusions. Our results suggests that a number of mechanisms conspire to hide the cooling signature in our spectra. In a few systems the lack of a cooling signature may be attributed to a relatively long delay time between the X-ray cooling and the star burst. However, for A1835 and A1068, where the X-ray cooling time is shorter than the timescale of the starburst, a possible explanation is that the region where gas cools out of the X-ray phase extends to very large radii, likely beyond the core of these systems.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium / X-rays: galaxies: clusters
© ESO, 2016
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.