The AMBRE Project: Stellar parameterisation of the ESO:UVES archived spectra
Laboratoire Lagrange (UMR7293), Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS,
Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur,
Nice Cedex 4,
2 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
Received: 23 June 2015
Accepted: 18 February 2016
Context. The AMBRE Project is a collaboration between the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and the Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur (OCA) that has been established to determine the stellar atmospheric parameters for the archived spectra of four ESO spectrographs.
Aims. The analysis of the UVES archived spectra for their stellar parameters was completed in the third phase of the AMBRE Project. From the complete ESO:UVES archive dataset that was received covering the period 2000 to 2010, 51 921 spectra for the six standard setups were analysed. These correspond to approximately 8014 distinct targets (that comprise stellar and non-stellar objects) by radial coordinate search.
Methods. The AMBRE analysis pipeline integrates spectral normalisation, cleaning and radial velocity correction procedures in order that the UVES spectra can then be analysed automatically with the stellar parameterisation algorithm MATISSE to obtain the stellar atmospheric parameters. The synthetic grid against which the MATISSE analysis is carried out is currently constrained to parameters of FGKM stars only.
Results. Stellar atmospheric parameters are reported for 12 403 of the 51 921 UVES archived spectra analysed in AMBRE:UVES. This equates to ~23.9% of the sample and ~3708 stars. Effective temperature, surface gravity, metallicity, and alpha element to iron ratio abundances are provided for 10 212 spectra (~19.7%), while effective temperature at least is provided for the remaining 2191 spectra. Radial velocities are reported for 36 881 (~71.0%) of the analysed archive spectra. While parameters were determined for 32 306 (62.2%) spectra these parameters were not considered reliable (and thus not reported to ESO) for reasons such as very low S/N, too poor radial velocity determination, spectral features too broad for analysis, and technical issues from the reduction. Similarly the parameters of a further 7212 spectra (13.9%) were also not reported to ESO based on quality criteria and error analysis which were determined within the automated parameterisation process. Those tests lead us to expect that multi-component stellar systems will return high errors in radial velocity and fitting to the synthetic spectra and therefore will not have parameters reported to ESO. Typical external errors of σTeff ~ 110 dex, σlog g ~ 0.18 dex, σ[ M/H ] ~ 0.13 dex, and σ[ α/ Fe ] ~ 0.05 dex with some variation between giants and dwarfs and between setups are reported.
Conclusions. UVES is used to observe an extensive collection of stellar and non-stellar objects all of which have been included in the archived dataset provided to OCA by ESO. The AMBRE analysis extracts those objects that lie within the FGKM parameter space of the AMBRE slow-rotating synthetic spectra grid. Thus by homogeneous blind analysis AMBRE has successfully extracted and parameterised the targeted FGK stars (23.9% of the analysed sample) from within the ESO:UVES archive.
Key words: methods: data analysis / astronomical databases: miscellaneous / stars: fundamental parameters / techniques: spectroscopic
© ESO, 2016