Volume 543, July 2012
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||13 July 2012|
Searching for X-ray emission from AGB stars⋆
1 Argelander Institute for Astronomy, University of Bonn, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2 Rochester Institute of Technology, 54 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
3 Onsala Space Observatory, 43992 Onsala, Sweden
Received: 24 November 2011
Accepted: 18 June 2012
Context. Magnetic fields have been measured around asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars of all chemical types using maser polarization observations. If present, a large-scale magnetic field would lead to X-ray emission, which should be observable using current X-ray observatories.
Aims. The aim is to search the archival data for AGB stars that are intrinsic X-ray emitters.
Methods. We have searched the ROSAT, CXO, and XMM-Newton archives for serendipitous X-ray observations of a sample of ~500 AGB stars. We specifically searched for the AGB stars detected with GALEX. The data is calibrated, analyzed and the X-ray luminosities and temperatures are estimated as functions of the circumstellar absorption.
Results. We identify 13 AGB stars as having either serendipitous or targeted observations in the X-ray data archives, however for a majority of the sources the detailed analysis show that the detections are questionable. Two new sources are detected by ROSAT: T Dra and R UMa. The spectral analysis suggests that the emission associated with these sources could be due to coronal activity or interaction across a binary system.
Conclusions. Further observations of the detected sources are necessary to clearly determine the origin of the X-ray emission. Moreover, additional objects should be subject to targeted X-ray observations in order to achieve better constraints for the magnetic fields around AGB stars.
Key words: stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: magnetic field / X-rays: stars
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2012
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