Volume 423, Number 2, August IV 2004
|Page(s)||761 - 776|
|Published online||06 August 2004|
Photometric redshifts with the Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network: Application to the HDF-S and SDSS
European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 Dipartimento di Astronomia dell'Università di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 2, 35122 Padova, Italy
3 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via GB Tiepolo 11, 40131 Trieste, Italy
4 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via dell'Osservatorio 2, Monteporzio, Italy
5 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, Traverse du Siphon-Les trois Lucs, 13012 Marseille, France
6 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
7 Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik, 85740 Garching, Germany
8 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Brera 28, 20121 Milano, Italy
Accepted: 3 May 2004
We present a technique for the estimation of photometric redshifts based on feed-forward neural networks. The Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) Artificial Neural Network is used to predict photometric redshifts in the HDF-S from an ultra deep-multicolor catalog. Various possible approaches for the training of the neural network are explored, including the deepest and most complete spectroscopic redshift catalog currently available (the Hubble Deep Field North dataset) and models of the spectral energy distribution of galaxies available in the literature. The MLP can be trained on observed data, theoretical data and mixed samples. The prediction of the method is tested on the spectroscopic sample in the HDF-S (44 galaxies). Over the entire redshift range, , the agreement between the photometric and spectroscopic redshifts in the HDF-S is good: the training on mixed data produces , showing that model libraries together with observed data provide a sufficiently complete description of the galaxy population. The neural system capability is also tested in a low redshift regime, , using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release One (DR1) spectroscopic sample. The resulting accuracy on 88 108 galaxies is . Inputs other than galaxy colors – such as morphology, angular size and surface brightness – may be easily incorporated in the neural network technique. An important feature, in view of the application of the technique to large databases, is the computational speed: in the evaluation phase, redshifts of 105 galaxies are estimated in few seconds.
Key words: galaxies: distances and redshifts / methods: data analysis / techniques: photometric
© ESO, 2004
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