Particle energy spectra, pitch angle, and orbit duration distributions for Case 2 orbits: the colours represent orbits without scattering, with scattering at a rate κ = 10−8, and κ = ηsp/ηa respectively (see legend), based upon initial energies ∈[10, 320] eV, initial pitch angles ∈[10, 170]° and in fields from MHD simulation with η = 10−3. Orbits are initialised within x, y ∈ [−1, 1] m, z ∈ [1, 299] m.
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