Volume 655, November 2021
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||04 November 2021|
KMT-2021-BLG-0322: Severe degeneracy between triple-lens and higher-order binary-lens interpretations
Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University,
Republic of Korea
2 Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA
3 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
4 Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043, Japan
5 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejon 34055, Republic of Korea
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand
7 National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, PR China
8 Department of Astronomy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, PR China
9 Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, WeizmannInstitute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
10 Center for Astrophysics|Harvard & Smithsonian 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
11 School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Kyeonggi 17104, Republic of Korea
12 Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
13 Code 667, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
14 Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
15 Institute of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, Massey University, Auckland 0745, New Zealand
16 Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
17 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Vía Láctea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
18 Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
19 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
20 Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
21 Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 252-5210, Japan
22 University of Canterbury Mt. John Observatory, PO Box 56, Lake Tekapo 8770, New Zealand
Accepted: 31 August 2021
Aims. We investigate the microlensing event KMT-2021-BLG-0322, for which the light curve exhibits three distinctive sets of caustic-crossing features. It is found that the overall features of the light curve are approximately described by a binary-lens (2L1S) model, but the model leaves substantial residuals. We test various interpretations with the aim of explaining the residuals.
Methods. We find that the residuals can be explained either by considering a nonrectilinear lens-source motion caused by the microlens-parallax and lens-orbital effects or by adding a low-mass companion to the binary lens (3L1S model). The degeneracy between the higher-order 2L1S model and the 3L1S model is very severe, making it difficult to single out a correct solution based on the photometric data. This degeneracy was known before for two previous events (MACHO-97-BLG-41 and OGLE-2013-BLG-0723), which led to the false detections of planets in binary systems, and thus the identification of the degeneracy for KMT-2021-BLG-0322 illustrates that the degeneracy can be not only common but also very severe, emphasizing the need to check both interpretations of deviations from 2L1S models.
Results. From the Bayesian analysis conducted with the measured lensing observables of the event timescale, angular Einstein radius, and microlens parallax, it was estimated that the binary lens components have masses (M1,M2) = (0.62−0.26+0.25 M⊙, 0.07−0.03+0.03 M⊙), for both 2L1S and 3L1S solutions, and the mass of the tertiary lens component according to the 3L1S solution is M3 = 6.40−2.78+2.64 MJ.
© ESO 2021
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