Volume 652, August 2021
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||25 August 2021|
KMT-2018-BLG-1743: planetary microlensing event occurring on two source stars
Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University,
Republic of Korea
2 University of Canterbury, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand
3 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejon 34055, Republic of Korea
4 Korea University of Science and Technology, 217 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34113, Republic of Korea
5 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
6 Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA
7 Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
8 Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
9 Department of Astronomy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, PR China
10 School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Kyeonggi 17104, Republic of Korea
Accepted: 30 June 2021
Aims. We present the analysis of the microlensing event KMT-2018-BLG-1743. The analysis was conducted as a part of the project, in which previous lensing events detected in and before the 2019 season by the KMTNet survey were reinvestigated with the aim of finding solutions of anomalous events with no suggested plausible models.
Methods. The light curve of the event, with a peak magnification Apeak ~ 800, exhibits two anomaly features, one around the peak and the other on the falling side of the light curve. An interpretation with a binary lens and a single source (2L1S) cannot describe the anomalies. By conducting additional modeling that includes an extra lens (3L1S) or an extra source (2L2S) relative to a 2L1S interpretation, we find that 2L2S interpretations with a planetary lens system and a binary source best explain the observed light curve with Δχ2 ~ 188 and ~91 over the 2L1S and 3L1S solutions, respectively. Assuming that these Δχ2 values are adequate for distinguishing the models, the event is the fourth 2L2S event and the second 2L2S planetary event. The 2L2S interpretations are subject to a degeneracy, resulting in two solutions with s > 1.0 (wide solution) and s < 1.0 (close solution).
Results. The masses of the lens components and the distance to the lens are (Mhost/M⊙,Mplanet/MJ,DL/kpc)~(0.19−0.111+0.27,0.25−0.14+0.34,6.48−1.03+0.94) and ~(0.42−0.25+0.34,1.61−0.97+1.30,6.04−1.27+0.93) according to the wide and close solutions, respectively. The source is a binary composed of an early G dwarf and a mid M dwarf. The values of the relative lens-source proper motion expected from the two degenerate solutions, μwide ~ 2.3 mas yr−1 and μclose ~ 4.1 mas yr−1, are substantially different, and thus the degeneracy can be broken by resolving the lens and source from future high-resolution imaging observations.
Key words: gravitational lensing: micro / planets and satellites: detection
© ESO 2021
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