Volume 655, November 2021
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||19 November 2021|
The dependence of the gradients of oxygen and nitrogen-to-oxygen on stellar age in MaNGA galaxies
Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr. 1, 81679 Munich, Germany
2 Main Astronomical Observatory, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 27 Akademika Zabolotnoho St., 03143 Kyiv, Ukraine
3 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Apartado 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
4 Département de Physique, de Génie Physique et d’Optique, Université Laval, and Centre de Recherche en Astrophysique du Québec (CRAQ), Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
5 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
6 Dpto. de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Accepted: 30 August 2021
We derived the oxygen abundance (O/H), the nitrogen-to-oxygen (N/O) abundance ratio, and their corresponding radial gradients for a sample of 1431 galaxies from the MaNGA DR15 survey using two different realisations of the strong line method: empirical R calibration and the Bayesian model-based HII-CHI-MISTRY (HCM) code. We find that both abundance calculation methods reveal a correlation between the O/H gradient and the stellar mass of a galaxy. This relation is non-linear, with the steepest average gradients in the intermediate mass range and flatter average gradients for high- and low-mass galaxies. The relation between the N/O gradient and the stellar mass is, on average, non-linear with the steepest gradients in the intermediate mass range (log(M/M⊙)∼10), flatter gradients for high-mass galaxies, and the flattest gradients for low-mass galaxies. However, the general trend of steepening N/O gradients for higher masses, as reported in previous studies, remains evident. We find a dependence between the O/H and N/O gradients and the galaxy mean stellar age traced by the D(4000) index. For galaxies of lower masses, both gradients are, generally, steeper for intermediate values of D(4000) and flatter for low and high values of D(4000). Only the most massive galaxies do not show this correlation. We interpret this behaviour as an evolution of the metallicity gradients with the age of stellar population. Though the galaxies with a positive slope of the D(4000) radial gradient tend to have flatter O/H and N/O gradients, as compared to those with a negative D(4000) gradient.
Key words: galaxies: abundances / galaxies: evolution / H II regions
© ESO 2021
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