Volume 651, July 2021
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||13 July 2021|
Multi-dimensional population modelling using frbpoppy: Magnetars can produce the observed fast radio burst sky
ASTRON – the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
2 Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Accepted: 21 April 2021
Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are energetic, short, bright transients that occur frequently over the entire radio sky. The observational challenges following from their fleeting, generally one-off nature have prevented the identification of the underlying sources producing the bursts. As the population of detected FRBs grows, the observed distributions of brightness, pulse width, and dispersion measure now begin to take shape. Meaningful direct interpretation of these distributions is, however, made impossible by the selection effects that telescope and search pipelines invariably imprint on each FRB survey. Here, we show that multi-dimensional FRB population synthesis can find a single, self-consistent population of FRB sources that can reproduce the real-life results of the major ongoing FRB surveys. This means that individual observed distributions can now be combined to derive the properties of the intrinsic FRB source population. The characteristics of our best-fit model for one-off FRBs agree with a population of magnetars. We extrapolated this model and predicted the number of FRBs future surveys will find. For surveys that have commenced, the method we present here can already determine the composition of the FRB source class, and potentially even its subpopulations.
Key words: radio continuum: general / methods: statistical
© ESO 2021
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