Volume 648, April 2021
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Atomic, molecular, and nuclear data|
|Published online||13 April 2021|
Infrared action spectroscopy of doubly charged PAHs and their contribution to the aromatic infrared bands
I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln,
Zülpicher Str. 77,
2 Radboud University, Institute for Molecules and Materials, FELIX Laboratory, Toernooiveld 7, 6525ED Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3 Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Gießenbachstraße 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
4 van ’t Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 908, 1098XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Accepted: 14 February 2021
The so-called aromatic infrared bands (AIBs) are attributed to emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The observed variations toward different regions in space are believed to be caused by contributions of different classes of PAH molecules, that is to say with respect to their size, structure, and charge state. Laboratory spectra of members of these classes are needed to compare them to observations and to benchmark quantum-chemically computed spectra of these species. In this paper we present the experimental infrared (IR) spectra of three different PAH dications, naphthalene2+, anthracene2+, and phenanthrene2+, in the vibrational fingerprint region 500–1700 cm−1. The dications were produced by electron impact ionization of the vapours with 70 eV electrons, and they remained stable against dissociation and Coulomb explosion. The vibrational spectra were obtained by IR predissociation of the PAH2+ complexed with neon in a 22-pole cryogenic ion trap setup coupled to a free-electron infrared laser at the Free-Electron Lasers for Infrared eXperiments (FELIX) Laboratory. We performed anharmonic density-functional theory calculations for both singly and doubly charged states of the three molecules. The experimental band positions showed excellent agreement with the calculated band positions of the singlet electronic ground state for all three doubly charged species, indicating its higher stability over the triplet state. The presence of several strong combination bands and additional weaker features in the recorded spectra, especially in the 10–15 μm region of the mid-IR spectrum, required anharmonic calculations to understand their effects on the total integrated intensity for the different charge states. These measurements, in tandem with theoretical calculations, will help in the identification of this specific class of doubly-charged PAHs as carriers of AIBs.
Key words: ISM: lines and bands / ISM: molecules / techniques: spectroscopic / methods: laboratory: molecular / molecular data / line: identification
© ESO 2021
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