Volume 643, November 2020
|Number of page(s)||28|
|Published online||20 November 2020|
Dorado and its member galaxies
Hα imaging of the group backbone⋆
INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Asiago, Via dell’Osservatorio 8, 36012 Asiago, Italy
2 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy “G. Galilei”, University of Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy
4 Las Campanas Observatory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Colina El Pino Casilla 601, La Serena, Chile
5 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Camino del Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
6 Dept. of Physics & Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
7 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Salita Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
8 Laboratório de Astrofísica Teórica e Observacional, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, 45650-000 Ilhéus, BA, Brasil
9 University of Calgary, 2500 University, Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Accepted: 29 September 2020
Context. Dorado is a nearby, rich and clumpy galaxy group that extends for several degrees in the southern hemisphere. Although several studies have been dedicated to defining its members, their kinematics, and the hot and cold gas content, in particular H I, their present star formation activity remains unknown.
Aims. For the first time, we map the Hα distribution as a possible indicator of the star formation activity of Dorado members, a large fraction of which show interaction and merging signatures independently of their morphological type.
Methods. With the 2.5 m du Pont and the 1m Swope telescopes, we obtained narrow-band calibrated images of 14 galaxies that form the backbone of the group, mapping Hα+[N II] down to a few 10−17 erg cm−2 s−1 arcsec−2. We estimated the galaxy star formation rate from the Hα fluxes and corrected for Galaxy foreground extinction and [N II] contamination.
Results. We detected Hα+[N II] emission in all galaxies. H II regions clearly emerge in late-type galaxies, while in early-type galaxies the Hα+[N II] emission is dominated by [N II], especially in the central regions. However, H II complexes are revealed in four early-type galaxies. Even in the compact group SGC 0414-5559, in the projected centre of Dorado, H II regions are found both throughout the late-type galaxies and in the very outskirts of early-type members. Considering the Dorado group as a whole, we notice that the Hα+[N II] equivalent width, a measure of the specific star formation, increases with morphological type from early- to late-type members, although it remains lower than that observed in similar surveys of spiral galaxies. The star formation rate of the spiral members is in the range of what is observed in similar galaxies surveys (James et al., 2004). However, in three spiral galaxies, NGC 1536, PGC 75125, and IC 2058, the star formation rate is well below the median for their morphological classes. Conversely, the star formation rate of some early-type members tends to be higher than the average derived from Hα+[N II] surveys of this morphological family.
Conclusions. We detected Hα+[N II] in all the early-type galaxies observed and half of them show H II regions in well-shaped rings as well as in their outskirts. These findings suggest that early-type galaxies in this group are not dead galaxies: their star formation has not yet shut down. Mechanisms such as gas stripping and gas accretion through galaxy–galaxy interaction seem relevant in modifying star formation in this evolutionary phase of Dorado.
Key words: galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD / galaxies: spiral / galaxies: ISM / galaxies: interactions / galaxies: evolution
Data set are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/643/A176
© ESO 2020
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