Volume 643, November 2020
|Number of page(s)||24|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||19 November 2020|
Tango of celestial dancers: A sample of detached eclipsing binary systems containing g-mode pulsating components
A case study of KIC9850387
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde (IvS), KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Villanova University, Dept. of Astrophysics and Planetary Science, 800 Lancaster Ave., Villanova, PA 19085, USA
3 Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawai’i, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
4 Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
5 Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
6 Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
7 Department of Astronomy, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
8 Centre for Astrophysics, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia
9 Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
10 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Accepted: 28 September 2020
Context. Eclipsing binary systems with components that pulsate in gravity modes (g modes) allow for simultaneous and independent constraints of the chemical mixing profiles of stars. The high precision of the dynamical masses and radii as well as the imposition of identical initial chemical compositions and equivalent ages provide strong constraints during the modelling of g-mode period-spacing patterns.
Aims. We aim to assemble a sample of g-mode pulsators in detached eclipsing binaries with the purpose of finding good candidates for future evolutionary and asteroseismic modelling. In addition, we present a case study of the eclipsing binary KIC9850387, identified as our most promising candidate, and detail the results of the observational spectroscopic, photometric, and asteroseismic analysis of the system.
Methods. We selected all of the detached eclipsing binaries in the Kepler eclipsing binary catalogue with Kepler Input Catalogue (KIC) temperatures between 6000 K and 10 000 K, and performed a visual inspection to determine the presence and density of g modes, and the presence of g-mode period-spacing patterns in their frequency spectra. We then characterised our sample based on their g-mode pulsational parameters and binary and atmospheric parameters. A spectroscopic follow-up of our most promising candidate was then performed, and the orbital elements of the system were extracted. We then performed spectral disentangling followed by atmospheric modelling and abundance analysis for the primary star. We utilised an iterative approach to simultaneously optimise the pulsational and eclipse models, and subsequently performed an analysis of the pressure- (p-) and g-mode pulsational frequencies.
Results. We compiled a sample of 93 Kepler eclipsing binary stars with g-mode pulsating components and identified clear g-mode period-spacing patterns in the frequency spectra of seven of these systems. We also identified 11 systems that contained hybrid p- and g-mode pulsators. We found that the g-mode pulsational parameters and the binary and atmospheric parameters of our sample are weakly correlated at best, as expected for detached main-sequence binaries. We find that the eclipsing binary KIC9850387 is a double-lined spectroscopic binary in a near-circular orbit with a hybrid p- and g-mode pulsating primary with Mp = 1.66−0.01+0.01 M⊙ and Rp = 2.154−0.004+0.002 R⊙, and a solar-like secondary with Ms = 1.062−0.005+0.003 M⊙ and Rs = 1.081−0.002+0.003 R⊙. We find ℓ = 1 and ℓ = 2 period-spacing patterns in the frequency spectrum of KIC9850387 spanning more than ten radial orders each, which will allow for stringent constraints of stellar structure during future asteroseismic modelling.
Key words: binaries: eclipsing / binaries: spectroscopic / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: oscillations / stars: individual: KIC9850387 / asteroseismology
© ESO 2020
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.