Volume 643, November 2020
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||29 October 2020|
Physical and dynamical characterization of the Euphrosyne asteroid family
European Southern Observatory (ESO), Alonso de Cordova 3107,
2 Institute of Astronomy, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, V Holešovičkách 2, 18000 Prague, Czech Republic
3 Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 34‘Õhi‘a Kũ St. Pukalani, USA
4 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
5 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Hilo, 481 W Lanikaula St, Hilo, USA
Accepted: 19 August 2020
Aims. The Euphrosyne asteroid family occupies a unique zone in orbital element space around 3.15 au and may be an important source of the low-albedo near-Earth objects. The parent body of this family may have been one of the planetesimals that delivered water and organic materials onto the growing terrestrial planets. We aim to characterize the compositional properties as well as the dynamical properties of the family.
Methods. We performed a systematic study to characterize the physical properties of the Euphrosyne family members via low-resolution spectroscopy using the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility. In addition, we performed smoothed-particle hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations and N-body simulations to investigate the collisional origin, determine a realistic velocity field, study the orbital evolution, and constrain the age of the Euphrosyne family.
Results. Our spectroscopy survey shows that the family members exhibit a tight taxonomic distribution, suggesting a homogeneous composition of the parent body. Our SPH simulations are consistent with the Euphrosyne family having formed via a reaccumulation process instead of a cratering event. Finally, our N-body simulations indicate that the age of the family is 280−80+180 Myr, which is younger than previous estimates.
Key words: minor planets, asteroids: general / minor planets, asteroids: individual: (31) Euphrosyne / methods: observational / methods: numerical
© ESO 2020
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