Volume 639, July 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||16 July 2020|
Letter to the Editor
The sustained post-outburst brightness of Nova Per 2018, the evolved companion, and the long orbital period⋆
National Institute of Astrophysics (INAF), Astronomical Observatory of Padova, 36012 Asiago (VI), Italy
2 ANS Collaboration, c/o Astronomical Observatory, 36012 Asiago (VI), Italy
Accepted: 21 June 2020
Nova Per 2018 (= V392 Per) halted the decline from maximum when it was 2 mag brighter than quiescence and since 2019 has been stable at such a plateau. The ejecta have already fully diluted into the interstellar space. We obtained BVRIgrizY photometry and optical spectroscopy of V392 Per during the plateau phase and compared it with equivalent data gathered prior to the nova outburst. We find the companion star (CS) to be a G9 IV/III and the orbital period to be 3.4118 days, making V392 Per the longest known period for a classical nova. The location of V392 Per on the theoretical isochrones is intermediate between that of classical novae and novae erupting within symbiotic binaries, in a sense bridging the gap. The reddening is derived to be EB − V = 0.72 and the fitting to isochrones returns a 3.6 Gyr age for the system and 1.35 M⊙, 5.3 R⊙, and 15 L⊙ for the companion. The huge Ne overabundance in the ejecta and the very fast decline from nova maximum both point to a massive white dwarf (WD) (MWD ≥ 1.1−1.2 M⊙). The system is viewed close to pole-on conditions and the current plateau phase is caused by irradiation of the CS by the WD still burning at the surface.
Key words: novae / cataclysmic variables
Table 1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/639/L10
© ESO 2020
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