Volume 638, June 2020
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||23 June 2020|
Survey, catalog, and cosmology of the X-ray luminosity function⋆
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Gustaf Hällströmin katu 2, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
2 Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, PO Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
3 SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
4 IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, CNES, Toulouse, France
5 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via G. B Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
6 IFPU-Institute for Fundamental Physics of the Universe, Via Beirut 2, 34014 Trieste, Italy
7 Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Physics, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Centre, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
8 Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, 85748 Garching, Germany
9 Observatório Nacional, Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovação e Comunicações, Rua General José Cristino, 77, São Cristão, 20921-400 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
10 Institute for Astronomy, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
11 Laboratoire d’Astrophysique, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Observatoire de Sauverny, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
12 Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille) UMR 7326, 13388 Marseille, France
13 Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
14 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
15 Universitätssternwarte München, Scheinerstrasse 1, 81679 München, Germany
16 Excellence Cluster Origins, Boltzmannstraße 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
17 Helsinki Institute of Physics, Gustaf Hällströmin katu 2, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Accepted: 26 April 2020
Context. Large area catalogs of galaxy clusters constructed from ROSAT All-Sky Survey provide the basis for our knowledge of the population of clusters thanks to long-term multiwavelength efforts to follow up observations of these clusters.
Aims. The advent of large area photometric surveys superseding previous, in-depth all-sky data allows us to revisit the construction of X-ray cluster catalogs, extending the study to lower cluster masses and higher redshifts and providing modeling of the selection function.
Methods. We performed a wavelet detection of X-ray sources and made extensive simulations of the detection of clusters in the RASS data. We assigned an optical richness to each of the 24 788 detected X-ray sources in the 10 382 square degrees of the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey area using red sequence cluster finder redMaPPer version 5.2 run on Sloan Digital Sky Survey photometry. We named this survey COnstrain Dark Energy with X-ray (CODEX) clusters.
Results. We show that there is no obvious separation of sources on galaxy clusters and active galactic nuclei (AGN) based on the distribution of systems on their richness. This is a combination of an increasing number of galaxy groups and their selection via the identification of X-ray sources either by chance or by groups hosting an AGN. To clean the sample, we use a cut on the optical richness at the level corresponding to the 10% completeness of the survey and include it in the modeling of the cluster selection function. We present the X-ray catalog extending to a redshift of 0.6.
Conclusions. The CODEX suvey is the first large area X-ray selected catalog of northern clusters reaching fluxes of 10−13 ergs s−1 cm−2. We provide modeling of the sample selection and discuss the redshift evolution of the high end of the X-ray luminosity function (XLF). Our results on z < 0.3 XLF agree with previous studies, while we provide new constraints on the 0.3 < z < 0.6 XLF. We find a lack of strong redshift evolution of the XLF, provide exact modeling of the effect of low number statistics and AGN contamination, and present the resulting constraints on the flat ΛCDM.
Key words: surveys / catalogs / large-scale structure of Universe
The catalog of clusters is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/638/A114
© ESO 2020
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