Volume 635, March 2020
|Number of page(s)||28|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||16 March 2020|
Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
2 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3 Landessternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Königstuhl 12, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
4 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico d’Abruzzo, Via M. Maggini snc, Teramo, Italy
5 INFN – Sezione di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli snc, Perugia, Italy
6 Carnegie Observatories, 813 Santa Barbara St., Pasadena, CA 91101, USA
Accepted: 31 January 2020
Metal-poor stars with detailed information available about their chemical inventory pose powerful empirical benchmarks for nuclear astrophysics. Here we present our spectroscopic chemical abundance investigation of the metal-poor ([Fe/H] = −1.60 ± 0.03 dex), r-process-enriched ([Eu/Fe] = 0.73 ± 0.10 dex) halo star HD 20, using novel and archival high-resolution data at outstanding signal-to-noise ratios (up to ∼1000 Å−1). By combining one of the first asteroseismic gravity measurements in the metal-poor regime from a TESS light curve with the spectroscopic analysis of iron lines under non-local thermodynamic equilibrium conditions, we derived a set of highly accurate and precise stellar parameters. These allowed us to delineate a reliable chemical pattern that is comprised of solid detections of 48 elements, including 28 neutron-capture elements. Hence, we establish HD 20 among the few benchmark stars that have nearly complete patterns and low systematic dependencies on the stellar parameters. Our light-element (Z ≤ 30) abundances are representative of other, similarly metal-poor stars in the Galactic halo that exhibit contributions from core-collapse supernovae of type II. In the realm of the neutron-capture elements, our comparison to the scaled solar r-pattern shows that the lighter neutron-capture elements (Z ≲ 60) are poorly matched. In particular, we find imprints of the weak r-process acting at low metallicities. Nonetheless, by comparing our detailed abundances to the observed metal-poor star BD +17 3248, we find a persistent residual pattern involving mainly the elements Sr, Y, Zr, Ba, and La. These are indicative of enrichment contributions from the s-process and we show that mixing with material from predicted yields of massive, rotating AGB stars at low metallicity improves the fit considerably. Based on a solar ratio of heavy- to light-s elements – which is at odds with model predictions for the i-process – and a missing clear residual pattern with respect to other stars with claimed contributions from this process, we refute (strong) contributions from such astrophysical sites providing intermediate neutron densities. Finally, nuclear cosmochronology is used to tie our detection of the radioactive element Th to an age estimate for HD 20 of 11.0 ± 3.8 Gyr.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: chemically peculiar / stars: individual: HD 20 / stars: evolution / Galaxy: halo / nuclear reactions / nucleosynthesis / abundances
Full Table C.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/635/A104
© ESO 2020
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