1 Universidade de São Paulo, IAG, Departamento de Astronomia, Rua do Matão 1226, 05508-900 São Paulo, Brazil
2 Department of Astronomy and Astronomical Observatory, Odessa National University, and Isaac Newton Institute of Chile Odessa branch, Shevchenko Park, 65014 Odessa, Ukraine
3 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
Received: 8 June 2015
Accepted: 10 August 2015
Context. HD 140283 is a reference subgiant that is metal poor and confirmed to be a very old star. The element abundances of this type of old star can constrain the nature and nucleosynthesis processes that occurred in its (even older) progenitors. The present study may shed light on nucleosynthesis processes yielding heavy elements early in the Galaxy.
Aims. A detailed analysis of a high-quality spectrum is carried out, with the intent of providing a reference on stellar lines and abundances of a very old, metal-poor subgiant. We aim to derive abundances from most available and measurable spectral lines.
Methods. The analysis is carried out using high-resolution (R = 81 000) and high signal-to-noise ratio (800 <S/N/pixel < 3400) spectrum, in the wavelength range 3700 <λ(Å) < 10475, obtained with a seven-hour exposure time, using the Echelle SpectroPolarimetric Device for the Observation of Stars (ESPaDOnS) at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT). The calculations in local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) were performed with a OSMARCS 1D atmospheric model and the spectrum synthesis code Turbospectrum, while the analysis in non-LTE (NLTE) is based on the MULTI code. We present LTE abundances for 26 elements, and NLTE calculations for the species C i, O i, Na i, Mg i, Al i, K i, Ca i, Sr ii, and Ba ii lines.
Results. The abundance analysis provided an extensive line list suitable for metal-poor subgiant stars. The results for Li, CNO, α-, and iron peak elements are in good agreement with literature. The newly NLTE Ba abundance, along with a NLTE Eu correction and a 3D Ba correction from literature, leads to [Eu/Ba] = + 0.59 ± 0.18. This result confirms a dominant r-process contribution, possibly together with a very small contribution from the main s-process, to the neutron-capture elements in HD 140283. Overabundances of the lighter heavy elements and the high abundances derived for Ba, La, and Ce favour the operation of the weak r-process in HD 140283.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: atmospheres / stars: Population II / stars: individual: HD 140283 / Galaxy: abundances / Galaxy: halo
Based on observations within Brazilian time at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l’Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawaii; Progr. ID 11AB01.
Appendices A and B are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
Full Tables A.1−A.3 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/584/A86
© ESO, 2015