Volume 635, March 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||The Sun and the Heliosphere|
|Published online||02 March 2020|
Wave heating of the solar atmosphere without shocks
Group of Astrophysics, University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska, ul. Radziszewskiego 10, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
2 Department of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
3 Leibniz-Institut für Sonnenphysik (KIS), Schöneckstr. 6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Accepted: 8 January 2020
Context. We investigate the wave heating problem of a solar quiet region and present its plausible solution without involving shock formation.
Aims. We aim to use numerical simulations to study wave propagation and dissipation in the partially ionized solar atmosphere, whose model includes both neutrals and ions.
Methods. We used a 2.5D two-fluid model of the solar atmosphere to study the wave generation and propagation. The source of these waves is the solar convection located beneath the photosphere.
Results. The energy carried by the waves is dissipated through ion-neutral collisions, which replace shocks used in some previous studies as the main source of local heating in quiet regions.
Conclusions. We show that the resulting wave dissipation is sufficient to balance radiative and thermal energy losses, and to sustain a quasi-stationary atmosphere whose averaged temperature profile agrees well with the observationally based semi-empirical model of Avrett & Loeser (2008, ApJS, 175, 229).
Key words: Sun: chromosphere / magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / methods: numerical
© ESO 2020
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