Volume 635, March 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||03 March 2020|
Observational constraints on the origin of the elements
III. Evidence for the dominant role of sub-Chandrasekhar SN Ia in the chemical evolution of Mn and Fe in the Galaxy
Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
2 Ruprecht-Karls-Universität, Grabengasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3 INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via G.B. Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
4 IFPU-Institute for Fundamental Physics of the Universe, Via Beirut 2, 34014 Trieste, Italy
5 The University of New South Wales, School of Science, Australian Defence Force Academy, Northcott Drive, Canberra 2600, Australia
6 Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen, The Netherlands
7 LUPM, UMR 5299, Université de Montpellier, CNRS, 34095 Montpellier, France
Accepted: 10 January 2020
The abundance ratios of manganese to iron in late-type stars across a wide metallicity range place tight constraints on the astrophysical production sites of Fe-group elements. In this work, we investigate the chemical evolution of Mn in the Milky Way galaxy using high-resolution spectroscopic observations of stars in the Galactic disc and halo stars, as well as a sample of globular clusters. Our analysis shows that local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) leads to a strong imbalance in the ionisation equilibrium of Mn I and Mn II lines. Mn I produces systematically (up to 0.6 dex) lower abundances compared to the Mn II lines. Non-LTE (NLTE) radiative transfer satisfies the ionisation equilibrium across the entire metallicity range, of −3 ≲ [Fe/H] ≲ −1, leading to consistent abundances from both ionisation stages of the element. We compare the NLTE abundances with Galactic Chemical Evolution models computed using different sources of type Ia and type II supernova (SN Ia and SN II) yields. We find that a good fit to our observations can be obtained by assuming that a significant (∼75%) fraction of SNe Ia stem from a sub-Chandrasekhar (sub-Mch) channel. While this fraction is larger than that found in earlier studies (∼50%), we note that we still require ∼25% near-Mch SNe Ia to obtain solar [Mn/Fe] at [Fe/H] = 0. Our new data also suggest higher SN II Mn yields at low metallicity than typically assumed in the literature.
Key words: nuclear reactions / nucleosynthesis / abundances / stars: abundances / Galaxy: abundances / supernovae: general
© P. Eitner et al. 2020
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
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