Volume 633, January 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||20 December 2019|
Simultaneous longitudinal and transverse oscillations in filament threads after a failed eruption⋆
Center of Excellence in Space Sciences India, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata, Mohanpur 741246, West Bengal, India
2 Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore 560 034, India
3 Centre for mathematical Plasma Astrophysics, Department of Mathematics, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B bus 2400, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
4 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
5 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Accepted: 24 October 2019
Context. Longitudinal and transverse oscillations are frequently observed in the solar prominences and/or filaments. These oscillations are excited by a large-scale shock wave, impulsive flares at one leg of the filament threads, or due to any low coronal eruptions. We report simultaneous longitudinal and transverse oscillations in the filament threads of a quiescent region filament. We observe a large filament in the northwest of the solar disk on July 6, 2017. On July 7, 2017, it starts rising around 13:00 UT. We then observe a failed eruption and subsequently the filament threads start to oscillate around 16:00 UT.
Aims. We analyse oscillations in the threads of a filament and utilize seismology techniques to estimate magnetic field strength and length of filament threads.
Methods. We placed horizontal and vertical artificial slits on the filament threads to capture the longitudinal and transverse oscillations of the threads. Data from Atmospheric Imaging Assembly onboard Solar Dynamics Observatory were used to detect the oscillations.
Results. We find signatures of large-amplitude longitudinal oscillations (LALOs). We also detect damping in LALOs. In one thread of the filament, we observe large-amplitude transverse oscillations (LATOs). Using the pendulum model, we estimate the lower limit of magnetic field strength and radius of curvature from the observed parameter of LALOs.
Conclusions. We show the co-existence of two different wave modes in the same filament threads. We estimate magnetic field from LALOs and suggest a possible range of the length of the filament threads using LATOs.
Key words: Sun: oscillations / Sun: filaments / prominences / Sun: chromosphere
Movies associated to Figs. 2 and 3 are available at https://www.aanda.org
© ESO 2019
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