Volume 633, January 2020
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||15 January 2020|
Spectral modeling of type II supernovae
II. A machine-learning approach to quantitative spectroscopic analysis
Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
2 Physik Department, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
3 Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, New York University, 726 Broadway, New York, NY 10003, USA
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
5 Department of Computational Mathematics, Science, and Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
6 Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK
7 MunichRe IT 18.104.22.168, Königinstraße 107, 80802 Munich, Germany
8 Vector Informatik GmbH - Niederlassung München, Baierbrunnerstraße 23, 81379 Munich, Germany
Accepted: 12 November 2019
There are now hundreds of publicly available supernova spectral time series. Radiative transfer modeling of this data provides insight into the physical properties of these explosions, such as the composition, the density structure, and the intrinsic luminosity, which is invaluable for understanding the supernova progenitors, the explosion mechanism, and for constraining the supernova distance. However, a detailed parameter study of the available data has been out of reach due to the high dimensionality of the problem coupled with the still significant computational expense. We tackle this issue through the use of machine-learning emulators, which are algorithms for high-dimensional interpolation. These use a pre-calculated training dataset to mimic the output of a complex code but with run times that are orders of magnitude shorter. We present the application of such an emulator to synthetic type II supernova spectra generated with the TARDIS radiative transfer code. The results show that with a relatively small training set of 780 spectra we can generate emulated spectra with interpolation uncertainties of less than one percent. We demonstrate the utility of this method by automatic spectral fitting of two well-known type IIP supernovae; as an exemplary application, we determine the supernova distances from the spectral fits using the tailored-expanding-photosphere method. We compare our results to previous studies and find good agreement. This suggests that emulation of TARDIS spectra can likely be used to perform automatic and detailed analysis of many transient classes putting the analysis of large data repositories within reach.
Key words: radiative transfer / methods: numerical / methods: statistical / supernovae: general / supernovae: individual: 1999em / supernovae: individual: 2005cs
© C. Vogl et al. 2020
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
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