Volume 632, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||03 December 2019|
Inversions of synthetic umbral flashes: a selection of wavelength sampling
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, C/ Vía Láctea, s/n, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
2 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Accepted: 29 October 2019
Context. Imaging spectrographs are popular instruments used to obtain solar data. They record quasi-monochromatic images at selected wavelength positions. By scanning the spectral range of the line, it is possible to obtain bidimensional maps of the field-of-view with a moderate spectral resolution.
Aims. In this work, we evaluate the quality of spectropolarimetric inversions obtained from various wavelength samplings during umbral flashes.
Methods. We computed numerical simulations of nonlinear wave propagation in a sunspot and constructed synthetic Stokes profiles in the Ca II 8542 Å line during an umbral flash using the NLTE code NICOLE. The spectral resolution of the Stokes profiles was downgraded to various cases with differences in the wavelength coverage. A large set of wavelength samplings was analyzed and the performance of the inversions was evaluated by comparing the inferred chromospheric temperature, velocity, and magnetic field with the actual values at the chromosphere of the numerical simulation.
Results. The errors in the inverted results depend to a large extent on the location of the wavelength points across the profile of the line. The inferred magnetic field improves with the increase of the spectral resolution. In the case of velocity and temperature, low spectral resolution data produce a match of the inverted atmospheres with the actual values comparable to wavelength samplings with finer resolution, while providing a higher temporal cadence in the data acquisition.
Conclusions. We validated the NLTE inversions of spectropolarimetric data from the Ca II 8542 Å during umbral flashes, during which the atmosphere undergoes sudden dramatic changes due to the propagation of a shock wave. Our results favor the use of fine spectral resolution for analyses that focus on the inference of the magnetic field, whereas the estimation of temperature and velocity fluctuations can be performed with lower spectral resolution.
Key words: methods: numerical / techniques: polarimetric / Sun: chromosphere / sunspots / Sun: oscillations
© ESO 2019
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