Volume 625, May 2019
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||07 May 2019|
Additional fluorine abundance determinations in evolved stars
Departamento Física Teórica y del Cosmos, Universidad de Granada,
2 Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica – Osservatorio Astronomico d’Abruzzo, Via Maggini snc, 64100, Teramo, Italy
3 INFN – Sezione di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, Perugia, Italy
4 Observatório Nacional, Rua General José Cristino, 77, 20921-400 São Critovão, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
5 University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
6 Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, France
7 National Optical Astronomy Observatories, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
Accepted: 22 March 2019
We present new fluorine abundance measurements for a sample of carbon-rich asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars and two other metal-poor evolved stars of Ba/CH types. The abundances are derived from IR, K-band, high-resolution spectra obtained using GEMINI-S/Phoenix and TNG/Giano-b. Our sample includes an extragalactic AGB carbon star belonging to the Sagittarius dSph galaxy. The metallicity of our stars ranges from [Fe/H] = 0.0 down to − 1.4 dex. The new measurements, together with those previously derived in similar stars, show that normal (N-type) and SC-type AGB carbon stars of near solar metallicity present similar F enhancements, discarding previous hints that suggested that SC-type stars have larger enhancements. These mild F enhancements are compatible with current chemical-evolution models pointing out that AGB stars, although relevant, are not the main sources of this element in the solar neighbourhood. Larger [F/Fe] ratios are found for lower-metallicity stars. This is confirmed by theory. We highlight a tight relation between the [F/⟨s⟩] ratio and the average s-element enhancement [⟨s⟩/Fe] for stars with [Fe/H] > −0.5, which can be explained by the current state-of-the-art low-mass AGB models assuming an extended 13C pocket. For stars with [Fe/H] < −0.5, discrepancies between observations and model predictions still exist. We conclude that the mechanism of F production in AGB stars needs further scrutiny and that simultaneous F and s-element measurements in a larger number of metal-poor AGB stars are needed to better constrain the models.
Key words: stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: abundances / stars: carbon / nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances
© ESO 2019
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