Volume 625, May 2019
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||03 May 2019|
Black hole mass and spin estimates of the most distant quasars
SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, 34135 Trieste, Italy
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate, Italy
3 INFN – Sezione di Trieste, Via Valerio 2, 34127 Trieste, Italy
4 Dipartimento di Fisica “G. Occhialini”, Universitá di Milano – Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 3, 20126 Milano, Italy
Accepted: 27 February 2019
We investigate the properties of the most distant quasars ULASJ134208.10+092838.61 (z = 7.54), ULASJ112001.48+064124.3 (z = 7.08) and DELSJ003836.10–152723.6 (z = 7.02) studying their Optical-UV emission that shows clear evidence of the presence of an accretion disk. We model such emission applying the relativistic disk models KERRBB and SLIMBH for which we have derived some analytical approximations to describe the observed emission as a function of the black hole mass, accretion rate, spin and the viewing angle. We found that: 1) our black hole mass estimates are compatible with the ones found using the virial argument but with a smaller uncertainty; 2) assuming that the virial argument is a reliable method to have a black hole mass measurement (with no systematic uncertainties involved), we found an upper limit for the black hole spin of the three sources: very high spin values are ruled out; 3) our Eddington ratio estimates are smaller than those found in previous studies by a factor ∼2: all sources are found to be sub-Eddington. Using our results, we explore the parameter space (efficiency, accretion rate) to describe the possible evolution of the black hole assuming a ∼102 − 4 M⊙ seed: if the black hole in these sources formed at redshift z = 10 − 20, we found that the accretion has to proceed at the Eddington rate with a radiative efficiency η ∼ 0.1 in order to reach the observed masses in less than ∼0.7 Gyr.
Key words: galaxies: active / quasars: general / black hole physics / accretion / accretion disks
© ESO 2019
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