Letter to the Editor
Protostellar Outflows at the EarliesT Stages (POETS)
II. A possible radio synchrotron jet associated with the EGO G035.02+0.35
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2 INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, via della Scienza 5, 09047 Selargius, CA, Italy
3 INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
4 Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
5 NRAO, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
6 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Astronomy & Astrophysics Section, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2, Ireland
7 Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica UNAM, Apartado Postal 3-72 (Xangari), 58089 Morelia, Michoacán, México
Accepted: 23 January 2019
Centimeter continuum observations of protostellar jets have revealed knots of shocked gas where the flux density decreases with frequency. This spectrum is characteristic of nonthermal synchrotron radiation and implies both magnetic fields and relativistic electrons in protostellar jets. Here, we report on one of the few detections of a nonthermal jet driven by a young massive star in the star-forming region G035.02+0.35. We made use of the NSF’s Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) to observe this region at C, Ku, and K bands with the A- and B-array configurations, and obtained sensitive radio continuum maps down to an rms of 10 μJy beam−1. These observations allow for a detailed spectral index analysis of the radio continuum emission in the region, which we interpret as a protostellar jet with a number of knots aligned with extended 4.5 μm emission. Two knots clearly emit nonthermal radiation and are found at similar distances, of approximately 10 000 au, at each side of the central young star, from which they expand at velocities of several hundred km s−1. We estimate both the mechanical force and the magnetic field associated with the radio jet, and infer a lower limit of 0.4 × 10−4 M⊙ yr−1 km s−1 and values in the range 0.7–1.3 mG.
Key words: stars: formation / radio continuum: ISM / H II regions / ISM: jets and outflows / techniques: high angular resolution / stars: individual: G035.02+0.35
© A. Sanna et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.