Determining thermal dust emission from Planck HFI data using a sparse, parametric technique⋆
AIM, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Accepted: 31 December 2018
Context. The Planck data releases have provided the community with submillimetre and full-sky radio observations at unprecedented resolutions. We make use of the Planck 353, 545, and 857 GHz maps alongside the IRAS 3000 GHz map. These maps contain information on the cosmic microwave background (CMB), cosmic infrared background (CIB), extragalactic point sources, and diffuse thermal dust emission.
Aims. We aim to determine the modified black-body (MBB) model parameters of thermal dust emission in total intensity and produce all-sky maps of pure thermal dust, having separated this Galactic component from the CMB and CIB.
Methods. This separation is completed using a new, sparsity-based, parametric method, Parameter Recovery Exploiting Model Informed Sparse Estimates (premise). The method is comprised of three main stages: 1) filtering the raw data to reduce the effect of the CIB on the MBB fit; 2) fitting an MBB model to the filtered data across super-pixels of various sizes determined by the algorithm itself; and 3) refining these super-pixel estimates into full-resolution maps of the MBB parameters.
Results. We present our maps of MBB temperature, spectral index, and optical depth at 5 arcmin resolution and compare our estimates to those of GNILC and to the two-step MBB fit presented by the Planck Collaboration in 2013.
Conclusions. By exploiting sparsity we avoid the need for smoothing, enabling us to produce the first full-resolution MBB parameter maps from intensity measurements of thermal dust emission. We consider the premise parameter estimates to be competitive with the existing state-of-the-art solutions, outperforming these methods within low signal-to-noise regions as we account for the CIB without removing thermal dust emission through oversmoothing.
Key words: cosmic background radiation / dust, extinction / methods: data analysis
Parameter maps are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/623/A21
© M. O. Irfan et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.