Volume 617, September 2018
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||21 September 2018|
Hill stability in the AMD framework
IMCCE, CNRS-UMR8028, Observatoire de Paris, PSL University, Sorbonne Université,
77 Avenue Denfert-Rochereau,
Accepted: 19 June 2018
In a two-planet system, a topological boundary that is created by Sundman (1912, Acta Math., 36, 105) inequality can forbid close encounters between the two planets for an infinite time. A system is said to be Hill stable if it verifies this topological condition. Hill stability is widely used in the study of extrasolar planet dynamics. However, the coplanar and circular orbit approximation is often used. In this paper, we explain how the Hill stability can be understood in the framework of angular momentum deficit (AMD). In the secular approximation, AMD allows us to discriminate between a priori stable systems and systems for which a more in-depth dynamical analysis is required. We show that the general Hill stability criterion can be expressed as a function of only semimajor axes, masses, and total AMD of the system. The proposed criterion is only expanded in the planets-to-star mass ratio ε and not in the semimajor axis ratio, eccentricities, nor the mutual inclination. Moreover, the expansion in ε remains excellent up to values of about 10−3 even for two planets with very different mass values. We performed numerical simulations in order to highlight the sharp change of behavior between Hill stable and Hill unstable systems. We show that Hill stable systems tend to be very regular, whereas Hill unstable systems often lead to rapid planet collisions. We also note that Hill stability does not provide protection from the ejection of the outer planet.
Key words: planets and satellites: general / planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability / celestial mechanics
© ESO 2018
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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