Activity indicators and stellar parameters of the Kepler targets
1 INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia, 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
2 Astronomical Institute of the University of Wrocław, ul. Kopernika 11, 51-622 Wrocław, Poland
3 Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
4 Royal observatory of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180 Brussel, Belgium
5 Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, 19 Avenue Xinjiekouwai, 100875 Beijing, PR China
6 Key Lab for Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100012 Beijing, PR China
Received: 18 February 2016
Accepted: 23 June 2016
Aims. A comprehensive and homogeneous determination of stellar parameters for the stars observed by the Kepler space telescope is necessary for statistical studies of their properties. As a result of the large number of stars monitored by Kepler, the largest and more complete databases of stellar parameters published to date are multiband photometric surveys. The LAMOST-Kepler survey, whose spectra are analyzed in the present paper, was the first large spectroscopic project, which started in 2011 and aimed at filling that gap. In this work we present the results of our analysis, which is focused on selecting spectra with emission lines and chromospherically active stars by means of the spectral subtraction of inactive templates. The spectroscopic determination of the atmospheric parameters for a large number of stars is a by-product of our analysis.
Methods. We have used a purposely developed version of the code ROTFIT for the determination of the stellar parameters by exploiting a wide and homogeneous collection of real star spectra, namely the Indo US library. We provide a catalog with the atmospheric parameters (Teff, log g, and [Fe/H]), radial velocity (RV), and an estimate of the projected rotation velocity (vsini). For cool stars (Teff≤ 6000 K), we also calculated the Hα and Ca ii-IRT fluxes, which are important proxies of chromospheric activity.
Results. We have derived the RV and atmospheric parameters for 61 753 spectra of 51 385 stars. The average uncertainties, which we estimate from the stars observed more than once, are about 12 km s-1, 1.3%, 0.05 dex, and 0.06 dex for RV, Teff, log g, and [Fe/H], respectively, although they are larger for the spectra with a very low signal-to-noise ratio. Literature data for a few hundred stars (mainly from high-resolution spectroscopy) were used to peform quality control of our results. The final accuracy of the RV is about 14 km s-1. The accuracy of the Teff, log g, and [Fe/H] measurements is about 3.5%, 0.3 dex, and 0.2 dex, respectively. However, while the Teff values are in very good agreement with the literature, we noted some issues with the determination of [Fe/H] of metal poor stars and the tendency, for log g, to cluster around the values typical for main-sequence and red giant stars. We propose correction relations based on these comparisons and we show that this does not have a significant effect on the determination of the chromospheric fluxes. The RV distribution is asymmetric and shows an excess of stars with negative RVs that are larger at low metallicities. Despite the rather low LAMOST resolution, we were able to identify interesting and peculiar objects, such as stars with variable RV, ultrafast rotators, and emission-line objects. Based on the Hα and Ca ii-IRT fluxes, we found 442 chromospherically active stars, one of which is a likely accreting object. The availability of precise rotation periods from the Kepler photometry allowed us to study the dependency of these chromospheric fluxes on the rotation rate for a very large sample of field stars.
Key words: surveys / techniques: spectroscopic / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: kinematics and dynamics / stars: activity / stars: chromospheres
Based on observations collected with the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) located at the Xinglong observatory, China.
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© ESO, 2016