Volume 588, April 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Atomic, molecular, and nuclear data|
|Published online||01 April 2016|
Asymmetry in the triplet 3p-4s Mg lines in cool DZ white dwarfs
1 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, UMR 8111, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 61 avenue de l’Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
2 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095, CNRS, Université Paris VI, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
3 Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie Quantique, Université de Toulouse (UPS), UMR 5626, and CNRS, 118 route de Narbonne, 31400 Toulouse, France
4 Département de Physique, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7, Canada
5 Institut de Recherche sur les Exoplanètes (iREx), Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec H3C 3J7, Canada
Received: 24 November 2015
Accepted: 25 January 2016
The purpose of the present work is to make an exhaustive study of the line shape of the triplet 3p-4s Mg line (Mgb triplet), which is perturbed by He in the extreme physical conditions found in the cool atmosphere of DZ white dwarfs. This study is undertaken by inferring both a unified theory of spectral line broadening and ab initio potential energies. Cool white dwarfs require a specific treatment for line broadening owing to the high helium densities that are involved. Beyond the conventional symmetrical Lorentzian core at low density, we show that the line profiles are asymmetrical and have significant additional contributions on the short wavelength side. This blue asymmetry is a consequence of low maxima in the corresponding Mg-He potential energy difference curves at short and intermediate internuclear distances. The new profiles are shown to provide a good fit to an SDSS (Sloan Digital Sky Survey) observation.
Key words: line: profiles / stars: atmospheres / white dwarfs
© ESO, 2016
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