Volume 587, March 2016
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||22 February 2016|
Substellar companions in low-mass eclipsing binaries
NSVS 01286630, NSVS 02502726, and NSVS 07453183
1 Astronomical Institute, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, 180 00 Praha 8, V Holešovičkách 2, Czech Republic
2 Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences, 251 65 Ondřejov, 298 Fričova, Czech Republic
3 Observatory Valašské Meziříčí, Vsetínská 78, 757 01 Valašské Meziříčí, Czech Republic
4 Trhové Sviny Observatory, Trocnovská 1188, 374 01 Trhové Sviny, Czech Republic
5 Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Masaryk University, 611 37 Brno, Kotlářská 2, Czech Republic
Received: 10 December 2015
Accepted: 13 January 2016
Aims. As part of our long-term observational project we aim to measure very precise mid-eclipse times for low-mass eclipsing binaries, which are needed to accurately determine their period changes. Over two hundred new precise times of minimum light recorded with CCD were obtained for three eclipsing binaries with short orbital periods: NSVS 01286630 (), NSVS 02502726 (), and NSVS 07453183 ().
Methods. O−C diagrams of studied stars were analysed using all reliable timings, and new parameters of the light-time effect were obtained.
Results. We derived for the first time or improved the very short orbital periods of third bodies of between one and seven years for all measured low-mass systems. We calculated that the lowest masses of the third components are between those of red and brown dwarfs. The multiplicity of these systems also plays an important role in the precise determination of their physical parameters. This research is part of an ongoing collaboration between professional astronomers and the Czech Astronomical Society, Variable Star and Exoplanet Section.
Key words: stars: fundamental parameters / stars: individual: NSVS 01286630 / stars: individual: NSVS 02502726 / stars: individual: NSVS 07453183 / binaries: eclipsing
© ESO, 2016
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