Volume 647, March 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||11 March 2021|
Possible substellar companions in dwarf eclipsing binaries
SDSS J143547.87+373338.5, NSVS 7826147, and NSVS 14256825⋆
Astronomical Institute, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic
2 Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences, Fričova 298, 251 65 Ondřejov, Czech Republic
3 Research Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Institute of Physics, Silesian University in Opava, Bezručovo nám. 13, 746 01 Opava, Czech Republic
4 Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science, P. J. Šafárik University, Park Angelinum 9, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia
5 Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
Accepted: 14 January 2021
We present the new results of our long-term observational project to detect the small variations in the orbital periods of low-mass and short-period eclipsing binaries. About 120 new precise mid-eclipse times were obtained for three relatively well-known dwarf eclipsing binaries: SDSS J143547.87+373338.5 (P = 0.126 d), NSVS 07826147 (0.162 d), and NSVS 14256825 (0.110 d). Observed-minus-calculated diagrams of these systems were analyzed using all accurate timings, and, where possible, new parameters of the light-time effect were calculated. For the first time, we derive (or improve upon previous findings with regard to) the short orbital periods of 13 and 10 years of possible third bodies for SDSS J143547.87+373338.5 and NSVS 07826147, respectively. In these binaries, our data show that period variations can be modeled simply on the basis of a single circumbinary object. For the first two objects, we calculated the minimum mass of the third components to be 17 MJup and 1.4 MJup respectively, which corresponds to the mass of a brown dwarf or a giant planet. For NSVS 14256825, the cyclical period changes caused by a single additional body cannot be confirmed by our recent eclipse time measurements. More complex behavior connected with two orbiting bodies, or yet unknown effects, should be taken into account.
Key words: binaries: eclipsing / binaries: close / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: general / planets and satellites: detection / subdwarfs
© ESO 2021
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