Post-AGB stars in the Magellanic Clouds and neutron-capture processes in AGB stars
Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences,
Hungarian Academy of Sciences,
Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15–17,
2 Monash Centre for Astrophysics (MoCA), Monash University, 3800 Clayton, Victoria, Australia
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching bei München, Germany
4 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, K.U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D bus 2401, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
5 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2611, Australia
6 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Campus North, Institute of Nuclear Physics, PO Box 3640 Karlsruhe, Germany
Received: 8 June 2015
Accepted: 8 September 2015
Aims. We explore modifications to the current scenario for the slow neutron-capture process (the s-process) in asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars to account for the Pb deficiency observed in post-AGB stars of low metallicity ([Fe/H] ≃−1.2) and low initial mass (≃ 1−1.5 M⊙) in the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds.
Methods. We calculated the stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis for a 1.3 M⊙ star with [Fe/H] = −1.3 and tested different amounts and distributions of protons leading to the production of the main neutron source within the 13C-pocket and proton ingestion scenarios.
Results. No s-process models can fully reproduce the abundance patterns observed in the post-AGB stars. When the Pb production is lowered, the abundances of the elements between Eu and Pb, such as Er, Yb, W, and Hf, are also lowered to below those observed.
Conclusions. Neutron-capture processes with neutron densities intermediate between the s and the rapid neutron-capture processes may provide a solution to this problem and be a common occurrence in low-mass, low-metallicity AGB stars.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: AGB and post-AGB
© ESO, 2015