Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie,
Auf dem Hügel 69,
2 University of Exeter, School of Physics, Physics Building, Stocker Road, Exeter, EX4 4QL, UK
3 Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR7293, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, 06300 Nice, France
4 INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
5 UJF-Grenoble 1/CNRS-INSU, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG) UMR 5274, 38041 Grenoble, France
Accepted: 10 July 2014
Context. The structure of the inner disk of Herbig Be stars is not well understood. The continuum disks of several Herbig Be stars have inner radii that are smaller than predicted by models of irradiated disks with optically thin holes.
Aims. We study the size of the inner disk of the Herbig B[e] star HD 85567 and compare the model radii with the radius suggested by the size–luminosity relation.
Methods. The object was observed with the AMBER instrument of the Very Large Telescope Interferometer. We obtained K-band visibilities and closure phases. These measurements are interpreted with geometric models and temperature-gradient models.
Results. Using several types of geometric star-disk and star-disk-halo models, we derived inner ring-fit radii in the K band that are in the range of 0.8–1.6 AU. Additional temperature-gradient modeling resulted in an extended disk with an inner radius of 0.67+0.51-0.21 AU, a high inner temperature of 2200+750-350 K, and a disk inclination of 53+15-11 °.
Conclusions. The derived geometric ring-fit radii are approximately 3–5 times smaller than that predicted by the size–luminosity relation. The small geometric and temperature-gradient radii suggest optically thick gaseous material that absorbs stellar radiation inside the dust disk.
Key words: stars: individual: HD 85567 / stars: pre-main sequence / stars: formation / circumstellar matter / techniques: interferometric
Based on observations made with ESO telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under program IDs 080.C-0541(C), 082.C-0893(A), 084.C-0848(B).
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014