Volume 558, October 2013
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||15 October 2013|
HD 85567: A Herbig B[e] star or an interacting B[e] binary?
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie,
Auf dem Hügel 69,
Received: 24 June 2013
Accepted: 12 August 2013
Context. HD 85567 is an enigmatic object exhibiting the B[e] phenomenon, i.e. an infrared excess and forbidden emission lines in the optical. The object’s evolutionary status is uncertain and there are conflicting claims that it is either a young stellar object (YSO) or an evolved, interacting binary.
Aims. To elucidate the reason for the B[e] behaviour of HD 85567, we have observed it with the VLTI and AMBER.
Methods. Our observations were conducted in the K-band with moderate spectral resolution (R ~ 1500, i.e. 200 km s-1). The spectrum of HD 85567 exhibits Brγ and CO overtone bandhead emission. The interferometric data obtained consist of spectrally dispersed visibilities, closure phases and differential phases across these spectral features and the K-band continuum.
Results. The closure phase observations do not reveal evidence of asymmetry. The apparent size of HD 85567 in the K-band was determined by fitting the visibilities with a ring model. The best fitting radius, 0.8 ± 0.3 AU, is relatively small making HD 85567 undersized in comparison to the size-luminosity relationship based on YSOs of low and intermediate luminosity. This has previously been found to be the case for luminous YSOs, and it has been proposed that this is due to the presence of an optically thick gaseous disc. We demonstrate that the differential phase observations over the CO bandhead emission are indeed consistent with the presence of a compact (~1 AU) gaseous disc interior to the dust sublimation radius.
Conclusions. The observations reveal no sign of binarity. However, the data do indicate the presence of a gaseous disc interior to the dust sublimation radius. We conclude that the data are consistent with the hypothesis that HD 85567 is a YSO with an optically thick gaseous disc within a larger dust disc that is being photo-evaporated from the outer edge.
Key words: stars: individual: HD 85567 / circumstellar matter / stars: formation / stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be / stars: emission-line, Be / techniques: interferometric
Based on observations conducted at the European Southern Observatory, Paranal, Chile, which were obtained via the program 089.C-0220.
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2013
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