Volume 538, February 2012
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||26 January 2012|
VLTI/AMBER observations of the binary B[e] supergiant HD 327083⋆
1 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
3 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile
4 Armagh Observatory, College Hill, Armagh BT61 9DG, Northern Ireland
Received: 25 July 2011
Accepted: 4 December 2011
HD 327083 is a luminous B type star which exhibits emission lines and an infrared excess and is therefore classified as a supergiant B[e] star. In addition, the star is the primary of a close binary system. It is not clear whether the B[e] behaviour of HD 327083 is related to its binarity or its evolutionary state. Here we address this issue by studying its circumstellar environment with high spatial resolution. To this end, we have observed HD 327083 with the VLTI and AMBER in the medium resolution K-band setting. 13CO bandhead emission is detected, confirming HD 327083 is a post-main sequence object. The observations spatially resolve the source of the NIR continuum and the Brγ and CO line emission. In addition, differential phase measurements allow us to probe the origin of the observed Brγ emission with sub-mas precision. Using geometrical models, we find that the visibilities and closure phases suggest that the close binary system is surrounded by a circum-binary disk. We also find that in the case of the binary HD 327083, the relative sizes of the continuum and Brγ emitting regions are different to those of a single supergiant B[e] star where the standard dual outflow scenario is thought to apply. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the mass loss of HD 327083 is related to its binary nature.
Key words: techniques: high angular resolution / techniques: interferometric / stars: early-type / stars: emission-line, Be / stars: mass-loss / stars: individual: HD 327083
© ESO, 2012
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