Resolving the inner disk of UX Orionis ⋆
1 University of Exeter, Astrophysics Group, Stocker Road, Exeter, EX4 4QL, UK
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
3 Pulkovo Observatory of RAS, Pulkovskoe shosse 65, 196140 St. Petersburg, Russia
4 V.V. Sobolev Astronomical Institute, St. Petersburg University, 196140 St. Petersburg, Russia
5 Kyoto Sangyo University, Motoyama, Kamigamo, 603-8555 Kita-ku, Kyoto, Japan
Received: 9 February 2016
Accepted: 5 April 2016
Aims. The cause of the UX Ori variability in some Herbig Ae/Be stars is still a matter of debate. Detailed studies of the circumstellar environment of UX Ori objects (UXORs) are required to test the hypothesis that the observed drop in photometry might be related to obscuration events.
Methods. Using near- and mid-infrared interferometric AMBER and MIDI observations, we resolved the inner circumstellar disk region around UX Ori.
Results. We fitted the K-, H-, and N-band visibilities and the spectral energy distribution (SED) of UX Ori with geometric and parametric disk models. The best-fit K-band geometric model consists of an inclined ring and a halo component. We obtained a ring-fit radius of 0.45 ± 0.07 AU (at a distance of 460 pc), an inclination of 55.6 ± 2.4°, a position angle of the system axis of 127.5 ± 24.5°, and a flux contribution of the over-resolved halo component to the total near-infrared excess of 16.8 ± 4.1%. The best-fit N-band model consists of an elongated Gaussian with a HWHM ~ 5 AU of the semi-major axis and an axis ration of a/b ~ 3.4 (corresponding to an inclination of ~72°). With a parametric disk model, we fitted all near- and mid-infrared visibilities and the SED simultaneously. The model disk starts at an inner radius of 0.46 ± 0.06 AU with an inner rim temperature of 1498 ± 70 K. The disk is seen under an nearly edge-on inclination of 70 ± 5°. This supports any theories that require high-inclination angles to explain obscuration events in the line of sight to the observer, for example, in UX Ori objects where orbiting dust clouds in the disk or disk atmosphere can obscure the central star.
Key words: techniques: interferometric / stars: pre-main sequence / stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be / stars: individual: UX Ori
© ESO, 2016