Volume 559, November 2013
|Number of page(s)||33|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||11 November 2013|
Combined IRAM and Herschel/HIFI study of cyano(di)acetylene in Orion KL: tentative detection of DC3N⋆,⋆⋆,⋆⋆⋆
1 Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Ctra. de Torrejón-Ajalvir, km. 4, 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
2 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower St., London WC1E 6BT, UK
3 National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
4 Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB-Facultat de Ciències, Torre C5-parell 2, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
5 Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church St, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Received: 13 June 2013
Accepted: 2 September 2013
Context. We present a study of cyanoacetylene (HC3N) and cyanodiacetylene (HC5N) in Orion KL using observations from two line surveys performed with the IRAM 30-m telescope and the HIFI instrument onboard the Herschel telescope. The frequency ranges covered are 80−280 GHz and 480−1906 GHz.
Aims. This study (divided by families of molecules) is part of a global analysis of the physical conditions of Orion KL and the molecular abundances in the different components of this cloud.
Methods. We modeled the observed lines of HC3N, HC5N, their isotopologues (including DC3N), and vibrational modes using a non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) radiative transfer code. In addition, to investigate the chemical origin of HC3N and DC3N in Orion KL, we used a time-dependent chemical model.
Results. We detect 40 lines of the ground vibrational state of HC3N and 68 lines of its 13C isotopologues. We also detect 297 lines of six vibrational modes of this molecule (ν7, 2ν7, 3ν7, ν6, ν5, and ν6+ν7) and 35 rotational lines of the ground vibrational state of HC5N. We report the first tentative detection of DC3N in a giant molecular cloud. We have obtained a DC3N/HC3N abundance ratio of 0.015 ± 0.009, similar to typical D/H ratios of cold dark clouds. We provide column densities for all species and derived isotopic and molecular abundances. We also made a 2′ × 2′ map around Orion IRc2 and present maps of the HC3N lines with energies from 34 to 154 K and of the HC3N vibrational modes ν6 and ν7 with energies between 354 and 872 K. In addition, a comparison of our results for HC3N with those in other clouds has allowed us to derive correlations between the column density, the FWHM, the mass, and the luminosity of the clouds.
Conclusions. The high column densities of HC3N obtained in the hot core, in particular of the ground vibrational state and the vibrational mode ν7, make this molecule an excellent tracer of hot and dense gas. In addition, the wide frequency range covered reveals the need to consider a temperature and density gradient in the hot core to obtain better line fits. The high D/H ratio (similar to that obtained in cold clouds) that we derive suggests a deuterium enrichment. Our chemical models indicate that the possible deuterated HC3N in Orion KL is formed during the gas-phase. This fact provides new hints concerning the processes leading to deuteration.
Key words: ISM: clouds / ISM: molecules / ISM: abundances / radio lines: ISM
Based on observations carried out with the IRAM 30-m telescope and with the Herschel telescope (HIFI instrument). IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany), and IGN (Spain). Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.
Appendix A (except Table A.1) is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
Table A.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/559/A51
© ESO, 2013
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