Volume 508, Number 1, December II 2009
|Page(s)||117 - 132|
|Published online||15 October 2009|
Multi-wavelength properties of Spitzer selected starbursts at z ~ 2*
UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 75014 Paris, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 75014 Paris, France
3 INAF-IASF Milano, via E. Bassini 15, 20133 Milan, Italy
4 National Radio Astronomy Observatory, PO Box 0, Socorro, NM 87801, USA
5 Max-Planck Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, 85741 Garching, Germany
6 Herschel Science Center, California Institute of Technology, 100-22, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
7 Astronomy Department, California Institute of Technology, MC 105-24, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
8 North American ALMA Science Center, NRAO, Charlottesville, USA
9 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, 136 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
10 Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Université de Paris XI, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
11 UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
12 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild Strasse, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
13 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9RH, UK
14 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
15 Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique, 300 rue de la Piscine, 38406 St.-Martin-d'Hères, France
Context. Wide-field Spitzer surveys allow identification of thousands of potentially high-z submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) through their bright 24 μm emission and their mid-IR colors.
Aims. We want to determine the average properties of such Spitzer-selected SMGs by combining millimeter, radio, and infrared photometry for a representative IR-flux (m) limited sample of SMG candidates.
Methods. A complete sample of 33 sources believed to be starbursts (“5.8 μm-peakers”) was selected in the (0.5 deg2) J1046+56 field with selection criteria F24\,\mu m > 400 μJy, the presence of a redshifted stellar emission peak at 5.8 μm, and > 23. The field, part of the SWIRE Lockman Hole field, benefits from very deep VLA/GMRT 20 cm, 50 cm, and 90 cm radio data (all 33 sources are detected at 50 cm), and deep 160 μm and 70 μm Spitzer data. The 33 sources, with photometric redshifts ~, were observed at 1.2 mm with IRAM-30m/MAMBO to an rms ~0.7–0.8 mJy in most cases. Their millimeter, radio, 7-band Spitzer, and near-IR properties were jointly analyzed.
Results. The entire sample of 33 sources has an average 1.2 mm flux density of mJy and a median of 1.61 mJy, so the majority of the sources can be considered SMGs. Four sources have confirmed 4σ detections, and nine were tentatively detected at the 3σ level. Because of its 24 μm selection, our sample shows systematically lower flux ratios than classical SMGs, probably because of enhanced PAH emission. A median FIR SED was built by stacking images at the positions of 21 sources in the region of deepest Spitzer coverage. Its parameters are K, , and SFR = 450 yr-1. The FIR-radio correlation provides another estimate of LFIR for each source, with an average value of ; however, this value may be overestimated because of some AGN contribution. Most of our targets are also luminous star-forming BzK galaxies which constitute a significant fraction of weak SMGs at
Conclusions. Spitzer 24 μm-selected starbursts and AGN-dominated ULIRGs can be reliably distinguished using IRAC-24 μm SEDs. Such “5.8 μm-peakers” with F24~\mu m > 400 μJy have . They are thus ULIRGs, and the majority may be considered SMGs. However, they have systematically lower 1.2 mm/24 μm flux density ratios than classical SMGs, warmer dust, comparable or lower IR/mm luminosities, and higher stellar masses. About 2000-3000 “5.8 μm-peakers” may be easily identifiable within SWIRE catalogues over 49 deg2.
Key words: galaxies: high-redshift / galaxies: starburst / galaxies: active / infrared: galaxies / submillimeter / radio continuum: galaxies
© ESO, 2009
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