Volume 524, December 2010
|Number of page(s)||20|
|Published online||22 November 2010|
Mid-infrared spectroscopy of Spitzer-selected ultra-luminous starbursts at z ~ 2⋆
UPMC Univ. Paris 06, UMR7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de
2 CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, 75014 Paris, France
3 Univ. Paris-Sud, Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, UMR8617, 91405 Orsay, France
4 CNRS, 91405 Orsay, France
5 Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, MS 220-6, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, 136 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway NJ 08854, USA
7 Max-Planck Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, 85741 Garching, Germany
8 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RH, UK
9 University of Minnesota, 116 Church St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA
10 North American ALMA Science Center, NRAO, Charlottesville, USA
11 National Radio Astronomy Observatory, PO Box O, Socorro, NM 87801, USA
12 INAF - IASF Milano, via E. Bassini 15, 20133, Italy
13 Herschel Science Center, California Institute of Technology, 100-22, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Accepted: 26 August 2010
Context.Spitzer’s wide-field surveys and followup capabilities have allowed a new breakthrough in mid-IR spectroscopy up to redshifts ≥ 2, especially for 24 μm detected sources.
Aims. We want to study the mid-infrared properties and the starburst and AGN contributions, of 24 μm sources at z ~ 2, through analysis of mid-infrared spectra combined with millimeter, radio, and infrared photometry. Mid-infrared spectroscopy allows us to recover accurate redshifts.
Methods. A complete sample of 16 Spitzer-selected sources (ULIRGs) believed to be starbursts at z ~ 2 (“5.8 μm-peakers”) was selected in the (0.5 deg2) J1064+56 SWIRE Lockman Hole field (“Lockman-North”). These sources have S24 μm > 0.5 mJy, a stellar emission peak redshifted to 5.8 μm, and . The entire sample was observed with the low resolution units of the Spitzer/IRS infrared spectrograph. These sources have 1.2 mm observations with IRAM 30 m/MAMBO and very deep 20 cm observations from the VLA. Nine of our sources also benefit from 350 μm observation and detection from CSO/SHARC-II. All these data were jointly analyzed.
Results. The entire sample shows good quality IRS spectra dominated by strong PAH features. The main PAH features at 6.2, 7.7, 8.6, and 11.3 μm have high S/N average luminosities of 2.90 ± 0.31, 10.38 ± 1.09, 3.62 ± 0.27, and 2.29 ± 0.26 × 1010 L⊙, respectively. Thanks to their PAH spectra, we derived accurate redshifts spanning from 1.750 to 2.284. The average of these redshifts is 2.017 ± 0.038. This result confirms that the selection criteria of “5.8 μm-peakers” associated with a strong detection at 24 μm are reliable to select sources at z ~ 2. We have analyzed the different correlations between PAH emission and infrared, millimeter, and radio emissions. Practically all our sources are strongly dominated by starburst emission, with only one source showing an important AGN contribution. We have also defined two subsamples based on the equivalent width at 7.7 μm to investigate AGN contributions.
Conclusions. Our sample contains strong starbursts and represents a particularly 24 μm-bright class of SMGs. The very good correlation between PAH and far-IR luminosities is now confirmed in high-z starburst ULIRGs. These sources show a small AGN contribution to the mid-IR, around ~20% or less in most cases.
Key words: galaxies: high-redshift / galaxies: starburst / galaxies: active / infrared: galaxies / submillimeter: galaxies / techniques: spectroscopic
Colour figures and Appendices are only available in the electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2010
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