Volume 465, Number 2, April II 2007
|Page(s)||587 - 591|
|Published online||05 February 2007|
Lithium abundances in metal-poor stars*
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, PR China e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik der Universität München, Scheinerstrasse 1, 81679 München, Germany
3 Peking University, Beijing 100871, PR China
Accepted: 2 January 2007
Aims.Lithium abundances for 19 metal-poor stars are determined using high-resolution spectroscopy. The abundances of stars on the lithium plateau are discussed.
Methods.All abundance results are derived from NLTE statistical equilibrium calculations and spectrum synthesis methods.
Results.In agreement with previous analyses it is found that excitation and de-excitation due to hydrogen collisions are negligible for the lithium line formation process, while charge transfer reactions are an important source of thermalization. However, the resulting NLTE effects on the determination of lithium abundances for metal-poor stars are negligible (<0.06 dex).
Conclusions.The mean lithium abundance for stars on the lithium plateau determined from NLTE analyses is A(Li) ~ 2.26, while it is 2.21 dex when charge transfer reactions are included. The latter result enhances the discrepancy between the observed lithium abundances and the primordial lithium abundance as inferred by the WMAP analysis of the cosmic microwave background. This discrepancy may be explained by metal diffusion.
Key words: line: formation / line: profile / stars: abundance / stars: late-type / galaxies: evolution
© ESO, 2007
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